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Department Of Zoology

Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095899




Fax: +375(17)2095856

Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 4d floor.

The Department of Biochemistry is a modern, research-intensive division of faculty of biology. Since its foundation in 1964, the Department has developed an international reputation for excellence in research and teaching. For a brief history of the Department. click HERE.

Currently, Department has 32 full-time academic staff members and is over 70 undergraduate students are engaged in training. There are Animal Resource Center and 2 fully-equipped research laboratories on site: Laboratory of biochemistry of metabolism and Laboratory of applied problems of biochemistry.

The husbandry and veterinary care of all research animals are under the responsibility of Animal Resource Center. It is centrally managed by staff of trained animal caretakers and veterinarians. Animal facilities can accomodate multiple species of animals.

The Department offers a highly qualitied undergraduate curriculum on biochemistry with practical training, which exposes students to a wide range of modern experimental techniques. We provide a plethora of courses focusing on different special aspects of biochemistry. Our graduates hold faculty positions at outstanding academic institutions throughout the world or lead research teams in pharmaceutical or biotechnology industries.

The Department offers programs leading to M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees. These research-intensive programs are complemented by courses on selected topics in biochemistry. Our Ph.D. graduates go on to successful post-doctoral fellowships and careers in research.

The Biochemistry Department provides many opportunities for undergraduate students to get involved in research. The research program allows students to participate in a faculty member's research project. In their 5th year, students can conduct a research project under the guidance of any of department members.

Biochemistry occupies a central place in science life and the research in the Department focuses on understanding the fundamental biochemical processes of biological systems, microbial, plant and animal. Department members have active research programs in signal transduction and regulation, molecular medicine, molecular cell biology and pathology, protein folding, biomolecular structure and function. The expertise and the research interests of Department members are used to integrate research with education.

The Department has modern research facilities for isolation of subcellular fractions; chromatographic separation and mass spectrometric identification of pharmaceuticals, xenobiotics, drug metabolites; chromatographic purification of products of biotechnology; spectrophotometric and fluorimetric analysis of enzyme activity; enzyme-linked immunoassay, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, Western blot technique, as well as cell culture facilities.


Igor V. SemakHead of Department of biochemistry

Sviatlana J. Mokhoreva Associate professor

Mikhail M. Filimonau Associate professor

Nataliya M. Arol Associate professor

Tatiana A. Kukulianskaya Associate professor

Dzmitry A. Novikau Associate professor

Aksana I. Hubich Associate professor

Tatsiana N. Zyranava Senior lecturer

Elena O.Korik Assistant

Vladimir P. Kurchenko Head of research laboratory

Mikhail V. Sholukh Leading research worker

Gavrilenko N.V. Senior research worker

E.S.Pyshko, M.V.Matunina, I.V.Fedorenko, G.G.Senkevitch, E.M.Cherviakovsky, M.V.Antonova. Research workers

N.V.Sushinskaja, O.S.Klimovich, E.V.Bondaruk Junior research workers

E.V.Chudnovskaja, L.N.Akimova, L.A.Gladkaja Engineers

T.I.Savich Head of vivarium

T.J.Erastova, O.N.Orochko, C.M.Zjarskaja, L.I.Bozhkova, M.V.Filich, V.M.Lavrova, L.I.Kuntsevich Technicians.

Undergraduate curriculum

- Biochemistry (associate professors S.I.Mokhoreva, T.A.Kukulianskaya).

- Biophysics (associate professors D.A.Novikau, M.M.Filimonau).

- Radiobiology (associate professor M.M.Filimonau).

- Biotransformation of Substances (associate professor I.V.Semak).

- Enzyme Engineering (associate professor I.V.Semak).

- Isolation and purification of products of biotechnology (V.P.Kurchenko).

- Introduction in Biochemical experiment (associate professors M.V.Sholukh).

- Enzymology (associate professors T.A.Kukulianskaya).

- Biochemistry of membranes (associate professors N.M.Arol).

- Basic Principles of Molecular Endocrinology (senior lecturer T.N.Zyranava).

- Enzyme Kinetics (associate professor I.V.Semak).

- Ecological Biochemistry (associate professors N.M.Arol).

- Bioenergetics (senior lecturer O.I.Hubich).

- Basic Principles of Radiation Biochemistry (associate professors M.M.Filimonau).

- Bioinorganic Chemistry (associate professors M.M.Filimonau).

- Basic Principles of Neurochemistry (associate professors N.M.Arol).

- Biochemistry of Protein and Nucleic Acids (associate professors D.A.Novikau).

- Functional Biochemistry (senior lecturer T.N.Zyranava).

- Immunoenzyme Assay (associate professor I.V.Semak).

- Biochemistry of Vitamins (associate professors N.M.Arol).

Research activity:

- Molecular mechanisms of cytotoxic effects of xenobiotics; mechanisms of cell resistance to xenobiotics and physical environmental factors;

- Mechanisms of antioxidant/prooxidant action of natural compounds;

- Steroid and melatonin metabolism in various organs and tissues of mammals;

- Identification and structural analysis of bioactive substances and their metabolites by mass-spectrometry, gas- and high-performance liquid chromatography;

- Molecular mechanisms of liver diseases and their correction by natural compounds;

- Regulation of signal transduction by natural and synthetic prostaglandins;

- Generic drug bioavailability and bioequivalence.

Selected peer-reviewed publications

1. Muronetz, V.I., Sholukh M.V., Korpela T. // Use of Protein-Protein Interactions in Affinity Chromatography // Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods. – 2001. - Vol. 49(1-3). - P. 29-47.

2. Semak I.V., Semak T.G., Ivanov A.I. Experimental cholestasis decreases concentration of the class alpha isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase in rat liver cytosol. Medical Biochemistry - 2001. – Vol. 1. – P. 285-292.

3. Slominski A, Semak I, Pisarchik A, Sweatman T, Szczesniewski A, Wortsman J. Conversion of L-tryptophan to serotonin and melatonin in melanoma cells. FEBS Lett, 2002. Vol. 511. – P. 102-106.

4. Slominski A, Pisarchik A, Semak I, Sweatman T, Wortsman J, Szczesniewski A, Slugocki G, McNulty J, Kauser S, Tobin DJ. Serotoninergic and melatoninergic systems are fully expressed in human skin. FASEB J. 2002. - Vol. 16. – P. 896-898.

5. Slominski A, Pisarchik A, Semak I, Sweatman T, Szczesniewski A, Wortsman J. Serotoninergic system in hamster skin // J Invest Dermatol. 2002. Vol. 119, 934-942.

6. Slominski A, Pisarchik A, Johansson O, Jing C, Semak I, Slugocki G, Wortsman J, Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) expression in human skin cells // Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003. Vol. 1639, 80-86.

7. Slominski A, Pisarchik A, Semak I, Sweatman T, WortsmanJ Characterization of the serotoninergic system in C57BL/6 mouse skin // Eur J Biochem. 2003. Vol. 270, 3335-3344.

8. Semak I, Korik E, Naumova M, Wortsman J, Slominski A. Serotonin metabolism in rat skin: characterization by liquid chromatography – mass spectrometry // Arch Biochem Biophys, 2004. – Vol. 421. – P. 61-66.

9. Slominski A, Zjawiony J, Wortsman J, Semak I, Stewart J, Pisarchik A, Sweatman T, Marcos J, Dunbar C, C Tuckey R. A novel pathway for sequential transformation of 7-dehydrocholesterol and expression of the P450scc system in mammalian skin // Eur. J. Biochem, 2004. – Vol. 271 (21). – P. 4178-4188.

10. Shalova I.N., Asryants R.A., Sholukh M.V., Saso L., Kurganov B.I., Muronetz V.I., Izumrudov V.A.. Interaction of Polyanions with Basic Proteins, 2a Influence of Complexing Polyanions on the Thermoaggregation of Oligomeric Enzymes // Macromolecular Bioscience, 2005. – Vol. 5. – P. 1184-1192.

11. Slominski A, Fischer TW, Zmijewski MA, Wortsman J, Semak I, Zbytek B, Slominski RM, Tobin DJ. On the role of melatonin in skin physiology and pathology. Endocrine. 2005 – Vol. 27(2). – P.137-148. Review.

12. Slominski A, Semak I, Zjawiony J, Wortsman J, Li W, Szczesniewski A, Tuckey RC. The cytochrome P450scc system opens an alternate pathway of vitamin D3 metabolism // FEBS J., 2005. – Vol. 272 (16). – P. 4080-4090.

13. Semak I, Korik E, Naumova M, Wortsman J, Slominski A. A novel metabolic pathway of melatonin: oxidation by cytochrome C // Biochemistry, 2005. – Vol. 44 (26). – P. 9300-9307.

14. Slominski A, Semak I, Zjawiony J, Wortsman J, Gandy MN, Li J, Zbytek B, Li W, Tuckey RC. Enzymatic metabolism of ergosterol by cytochrome P450scc to biologically active 17alpha,24-dihydroxyergosterol // Chem Biol., 2005. – Vol. 12 (8). – P. 931-939.

15. Senyuk O., Gorovoj L., Zhidkov A., Kovalyov V., Palamar L., Kurchenko V., Kurchenko N., Schroeder H.-Ch. Genome protection properties of the chitin-containing preparation Micoton // Advances in chitin science, 2005.— Vol. VIII.— Р. 430—434.

16. Slominski A, Zbytek B, Szczesniewski A, Semak I, Kaminski J, Sweatman T, Wortsman J. (2005) CRH stimulation of corticosteroids production in melanocytes is mediated by ACTH // Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab.; 288(4):E701-706.

17. Slominski A, Zbytek B, Semak I, Sweatman T, Wortsman J. CRH stimulates POMC activity and corticosterone production in dermal fibroblasts // J Neuroimmunol. 2005. – Vol. 162(1-2). – P. 97-102.

18. Cherviakovsky E.M., Bolibrukh D.A., Baranovsky A.V., Vlasova T.M., Kurchenko V.P., Gilep A.A., Usanov S.A. Oxidative modification of quercetin by hemeproteins // Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2006. - Vol. 342. – P.459–464.

19. Hubich A.I., Zheldakova T.A., Chernikhova T.V., Koroleva E.V., Lakhvich F.A., Sholukh M.V. Synthetic heteroprostanoids of A- and E-types as novel non-comprehensive inhibitors of adenylyl cyclase in rat hepatocytes // Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2006. – Vol. 341. – P. 357-362.

20. Slominski A, Semak I, Wortsman J, Zjawiony J, Li W, Zbytek B, Tuckey RC. An alternative pathway of vitamin D metabolism. Cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1)-mediated conversion to 20-hydroxyvitamin D2 and 17,20-dihydroxyvitamin D2 // FEBS J., 2006. – Vol. 273 (13). –P. 2891-2901.

21. Hubich A. I., Sholukh M.V. Biochemistry of Prostaglandins of gruppe A // Biochemistry (Moscow), 2006. V. 71. N3. p. 229-238.

22. Fischer TW, Sweatman TW, Semak I, Sayre RM, Wortsman J, Slominski A. Constitutive and UV-induced metabolism of melatonin in keratinocytes and cell-free systems // FASEB J., 2006. – Vol. 20 (9). – P. 1564-1566.

23. Tarun E.I, Kurchenko V.P., Metelitsa D.I. Flavonoids as effective protectors of urease againts ultrasonic inactivation in solutions // Bioorganic chemistry, 2006. V. 32. N4. p. 391-398.

24. Hubich A.I., Bondar A.Y., Kastsiuk T.U., Kastsiuk U.A., Lakhvich F.A., Sholukh M.V. Hepatoprotective action of prostaglandin A2 analogs under CCl4-induced liver injury in vitro // Hepatology Research, 2007. – Vol. 37. – P. 416-424.

25. Semak I, Korik E, Antonova M, Wortsman J, Slominski A. Metabolism of melatonin by cytochrome P450s in rat liver mitochondria and microsomes. J Pineal Res. 2008 Nov;45(4):515-523.

26. Slominski AT, Zmijewski MA, Semak I, Sweatman T, Janjetovic Z, Li W, Zjawiony JK, Tuckey RC. Sequential metabolism of 7-dehydrocholesterol to steroidal 5,7-dienes in adrenal glands and its biological implication in the skin. PLoS ONE. 2009;4(2):e4309. 

Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095854

Fax: +375(17)2095808


Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 3d floor.

The Department of botany was founded in 1924. The heads of Department of botany were: professor N.M. Gaydukov (1924-1928); corresponding member of Ukranian SSR Academy of Sciences, professor Y.V. Roll (1928-1934); professor S.P. Melnik (1934-1936); associate professor Z.N. Denisov (1938-1941); professor L.N. Nikonov (1943-1946); academician of Byelorussian SSR Academy of Sciences, the USSR Government prize laureate, professor N.A. Dorozshkin (1948-1971); professor A.N. Ipatiev (1965-1966); professor A.S. Shukanov (1971-1996). The head of Department of botany today is associate professor V.D. Polyksenova.


2 professors, 9 associate professors, 2 assistants, 6 laboratory assistants, 1 head of Herbarium.

Professors: V.V. Karpuk, V.I. Parfenov.

Associate professors: V.D. Polyksenova, T.A. Sautkina, A.I. Stefanovich, N.A. Lemeza, V.V. Chernik, A.K. Khramtsov, V.N. Tikhomirov, M.A. Dzhus, S.G. Sidorova.

Assistants:M.A. Stadnichenko, M.N. Fedorovich.

Herbarium head: S.M. Drobishevskaya.

Technicians: A.M. Lisichkina, O.B. Stelmakh, T.V. Ivanchik, O.A. Sheveleva, A.M. Matinyan-Skripchenko, E.V. Mandik.

Main Courses of studies:

1. Algology and Mycology

2. Plant Morphology

3. Higher Plants Taxonomy

4. Geobotany

5. Plant Growing

6. Pharmacognosy

7. Theoretical Morphology and Higher Plants Taxonomy Problems

8. Plant and Animal Resources.

Department Courses:

1. Flora and Vegetation of Belarus

2. Research Planning and Data Analysis in Botany and Mycology

3. Algology

4. Mycology

5. Plant Ecology

6. Floriculture with Basic Landscape Design

7. Plant Geography

8. Plant Immunology

9. Medicinal Plants

10. Phytopathology

11. Pomiculture and Decorative Horticulture.

Research Activity:

- Modern state of flora and mycobiota estimations (species and population diversity, floristic complex of rare and endangered species) and its dynamics.

- Taxonomic research of plants and fungi “critical” genus.

- Elaboration of methodological ways for diagnostics and plants resistance increase to pathogenic fungi (mycosis causal agents) by sporophyte and gametophyte generations.


1. Lemeza, N. А. Small practical training session for lower plants. Practice book / N. А. Lemeza, А S. Shukanov. Minsk: BSU, 1994. 288 p. (in Russian).

2. Sautkina, T.A. Plant morphology and anatomy. Practice book for laboratory course «Plant Morphology» / Т. А. Sautkina, V. D. Polyksenova, G. I. Zubkevich, V.V. Chernik. Minsk: BSU, 1997.103 p. (in Belarusian).

3. Zubkevich, G. I. Experiments and observations at the lessons of biology / G. I. Zubkevich, Т. А. Sautkina, N. А. Lemeza. Minsk: Belaruskaya Entsyklopedia, 1998. 202 p. (in Russian).

4. Sautkina, T.A. Plants reproduction: Practice book for students of Н.04.01.00 «Biology» speciality / Т. А. Sautkina, V. D. Polyksenova. Minsk: BSU, 2001. 48 p. (in Russian).

5. Zubkevich, G. I. Higher Plants Taxonomy. Gymnosperms / G. I. Zubkevich. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 98 p. (in Russian).

6. Shukanov, A. S. Mycology: main concepts and terms / А. S. Shukanov, V. D. Polyksenova, A. I. Stefanovich, A. K. Khramtsov. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 122 p. (in Russian).

7. Lemeza, N. А. Plant ecology: practice book for laboratory for students of biology faculty / N. A. Lemeza, I. I. Smolich. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 56 p. (in Russian).

8. Lemeza, N. А. Geobotany tests / N. А. Lemeza. Minsk: ООО «Yunipress», 2004. 128 p. (in Russian).

9. Sautkina, T.A. Plant Morphology. Lecture Course. In two parts / Т. А. Sautkina, V. D. Polyksenova. Part 1. Minsk: BSU, 2004, 116 p; Part 2. Minsk: BSU, 2006. 70 p. (in Russian).

10. Lemeza, N. А. Ecology tests and laboratory training: practice book / N. А. Lemeza. Minsk: ChUP «Yunipress», 2005. 256 p. (in Russian).

11. Tikhomirov, V.N. Geobotany. Lecture Course. / V. N. Tikhomirov. Minsk: BSU, 2006. 187 p. (in Russian).

12. Lemeza, N. А. Biology in questions and answers for exams / N. A. Lemeza, L. V. Kamliuk, N. D. Lisov. 5 th - 10 th publ. Moscow: Airis-press, 2003-2006. 512 p. (in Russian).

13. Lemeza, N. А. Biology for applicants to institutions of higher education. 2 nd - 4 th publ. cor. and add. / N. A. Lemeza, L. V. Kamliuk, N. D. Lisov. Minsk: ООО «Yunipress», 2003-2004. 624 p. (in Russian).

14. Lemeza, N. А. Tests on biology for senior pupils and school leavers / N. A. Lemeza. 2 nd publ. Cor. Minsk: ООО «Yunipress», 2004. 276 p. (in Russian).

15. Lemeza, N. А. Biology, 7th form / N. A. Lemeza, N. D. Lisov. Minsk: Narodnaya asveta, 2004. 221 p. (in Russian).

16. Polyksenova, V. D. Mycology. Methods of experimental studying of microscopical fungi: instructor's manual for laboratory for students of biology faculty 1-31 01 01 «Biology» speciality / V. D. Polyksenova., А. К Khramtsov. S. G. Piskun (Sidorova). Minsk: BSU, 2004. 38 p. (in Russian).

17. Lemeza, N. А. Biology for applicants to institutions of higher education / N. А. Lemeza, L. V. Kamliuk, N. D. Lisov. Minsk: ChUP «Yunipress», 2005-2006. 624 p. (in Russian).

18. Lemeza, N. А. Practical training session for general biology: practice book for students / N. A. Lemeza, G. M. Dolbik, V. V. Seliavko. Minsk: ISEU by A. D. Sakhorov, 2005. 72 p. (in Russian).

19. Lemeza, N. А. Tests on biology, 10th-11th forms / N. А. Lemeza. Minsk: ООО «Yunipress», 2006. 272 p. (in Russian).

20. Shukanov, A. S. Algology and mycology. Summer training course / A. S. Shukanov, A. I. Stefanovich, V. D. Polyksenova, A. K. Khramtsov. Minsk: BSU, 2006. 200 p. (in Russian).

21. Lemeza, N. А. Algology and mycology. Practical training session: practice book. Minsk: Visheyashaya shkola, 2008. 319 p. (in Russian).

22. Lemeza, N. А. Geobotany. Training course: practice book / N. А. Lemeza, M. A. Dzhus. Minsk: Visheyashaya shkola, 2008. 220 с. (in Russian).

23. Lemeza, N. А. Plant immunology. Practical training session for students of biology faculty / N. А. Lemeza, S. G. Sidorova. Minsk: BSU, 2008. 96 p. (in Russian).

Scientific publications:

24. Actual problems of phyto- and mycobiota studying: Articles of International scientific-practical conference, Minsk, October 25-27 2004 e. // V. D. Polyksenova et al. (eds). Minsk: BSU, 2004. 314 p. (in Russian).

25. Bibikov Yu. A., Zubkevich G.I., Sautkina T.A. et al. Flora of Nalibokskaya pushcha. Minsk: BSU, 1980. 184 p. (in Russian).

26. Karpuk V.V. Contribution of exo- and endocytosis to relationships between pathogenic fungi and host plants. Russian Journal of Physiology, 1996. Vol. 43, № 5. P. 656-664. (in Russian).

27. Serova Z. Y., Karpuk V.V. Structural interactions in developing phytopathosystems. Experimental botany problems. Minsk: Bel. nauka. 1997. P. 245-267. (in Russian).

28. Sautkina T.A., Zubkevich G.I., Dzhus M.A., Tikhomirov V.N. et al. Manual of vascular plants of Belarus / V. I. Parfenov (eds). Minsk: Dizain PRO. 1999. 427 p. (in Russian).

29. Dzhus M.A. (et al.) National atlas of Belarus. Minsk: Belkartographia. 2002. (in Belarusian).

30. Rostanski К, Dzhus М., Gudzinskas Z., Rostanski А., Shevera М., Sulcs V., Tokhtar V. The Genus Oenothera L. in Eastern Еuroре. Krakow: W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences. 2004. Р. 65-77.

31. Red date book of Belarusia Republic: Rare and threatened plant species of Belarus (papers series) // L. I. Horuzhik et al. Minsk: Belaruskaya Entsyklopedya. 2005. 456 p. (in Russian).

32. Piskun (Sidorova) S., Polyksenova V., Anokhina V. Experimental motivation of estimation and selection of Fusarium-resistant genotypes оn male gametophyte. Scientific works of the Lithuanian University of agriculture, horticulture and vegetable growing. 1998. Vol. 17 (2). Р. 33-37.

33. Polyksenova V. Possibilities of chemical immunization for increase of disease resistance and efficiency of tomatoes. Sodininkyste ir Darzininkyste. 1999. Vol. 18 (3). Р. 347-355.

34. Karpuk V.V. Structural mechanisms of organisms interactions in developing phytopathosystems. Proceedings of the Nacional Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Biological series. 2000. № 4. P. 117-125. (in Russian).

35. Dzhus M.A., Sautkina T.A., Tikhomirov V.N., Zubkevich G.I., Polyksenova V. D. Additions to the flora of the state national park “Belovezhskaya pushcha” . Botanicheskiy zhurnal. 2001. Vol. 86, № 9. P. 128-136. (in Russian).

36. Bibikov Yu. A., Dzhus M.A., Zubkevich G.I., Sautkina T.A., Tikhomirov V.N., Chernik V.V. About flora of Minsk district. Vestnik BGU. Series 2. Chemistry, Biology, Geography. 2002. № 1. P. 48-52. (in Russian).

37. Khramtsov А. К., Shukanov А. S., Polyksenova V. D. Morphotypes of Botrytis cinerea Pers.: Fr. in the conditions of Belarus. Proc. 6-th Conf. Efpp 2002, Prague. Plant Protect. Sci., 38 (Special Issue 2). 2002. Р. 397-400.

38. Girilovich I. S., Khramtsov А. К., Gulis V.I., Polyksenova V. D. Micromycetes of the Belarussian state park “Belovezhskaya pushcha”. I. Peronosporales and Uredinales. П. Powdery mildew fungi. Mycology and phytopathology. Vol. 37 (3). 2003. P. 20-27; Vol. 39 (4). 2005. P. 24-30. (in Russian).

39. Tikhomirov V.N. Genus Polygala L. (Polygalaceae) in the flora of Belarus. Botanicheskiy zhurnal. 2004. V. 89, № 4. P. 652-662. (in Russian).

40. Polyksenova V. D., Chernik V.V., Girilovich I. S., Dzhus M.A., Zubkevich G.I., Lemeza N. A., Sautkina T.A., Sidorova S.G., Stadnichenko M.A., Stefanovich A.I., Tikhomirov V.N., Fedorovich M. N., Khramtsov А. К., Shukanov А. S. Taxonomical diversity of the vascular plants and phytopathogenic fungi of the central part of the Minsk elevation. Vestnik BGU. Series 2. Chemistry, Biology, Geography. 2006. № 3. С. 25-30. (in Russian).

41. Stadnichenko M. A., Polyksenova V. D. Morphological-cultivate characteristics of gray mold diseases of solanaceae cultures as a basis for the choice of pathogenic forms. Proceedings of the Nacional Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Biological series. 2006. № 5. P. 187-190. (in Russian).

42. Fedorovich M. N., Polyksenova V. D. Specific diversity of fungi of genus Alternaria Nees on culture cereal in Belarus. Proceedings of the Nacional Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Biological series. 2006. № 5. P. 206-208. (in Russian).

43. Sidorova S.G., Kudriashova V.A. Modification of lipid membranes bilayer of plants cells by extractions of micromycetes Fusarium oxysporum (Sacc.) Snyder and Hansen / Signal mechanisms of physiological functions regulation: scientific articles / V.V. Lysak et al. (eds). Minsk: RIVSH, 2007. 346 p. (P. 131-135). (in Russian).

44. Grushetskaya Z., Lemesh V., Poliksenova V., Khotyleva L. Mapping of the Cf 6 tomato leaf mould resistance locus using SSR marker. Russian Journal of Russian Journal of Genetics, 2007. Vol. 43 (11). P. 1511-1517. (in Russian).

45. Poliksenova V. D. Tomato mycosis: causal agents, plant resistance. Minsk: BSU. 2008. 160 p. (in Russian).

46. Poliksenova V.D.Induced resistance of plants to pathogens and abiotic stress factors (with tomato as an example).Vestnik BGU. Series 2. Chemistry, Biology, Geography. 2009. № 1. P. 48-60. (in Russian).

Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephone: +375(17) 209-58-60; +375(17) 209-58-55

Fax: +375(17) 209-58-08


Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 4d floor.

The Genetics Department was founded in 1947 by academician of BSSR АS А.R. Jebrak. The Department was headed by academicians А.R. Jebrak, М.Е. Маkushok, I.А. Orlovsky, N.V. Turbin, professor А.V. Konstantinov, associate professor V.S. Anohina, professor Y.К. Fomichev, professor, corresponding member of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus О.G. Davydenko. Since 1995 professor, Doctor of Sciences, Otlichnik of Education of Republic of Belarus Natalia P. Maximova is at the head of the Department.

The academic staff of the Department consists of 9 professors, including: 1 full professors, Doctors of Science; 5 associate professors, Candidates of Science; 1 assistant professor, Candidates of Science and 2 instructors. Academic process is supplied by 5 laboratory assistants. Researchers of the Department (1 Doctor of Science and 1 Candidat of Science) and scientists from The Institute of Genetics and Cytology of NAS of Belarus (2 Doctors of Science and 1 Candidate of Science) also actively partake in training.


Professors: N.P. Maximova (Head of the Department).

Associate professors: V.S. Anokhina, S.V. Gloushen, A.A. Khramtsova, V.V. Grinev, A.V. Lahodzich.

Senior Lecturer: M.P. Kunitskaya.

Lecturer: Yu.I. Kazhura.

Assistant: K.G. Veremeenko.

Scientists: L.N. Kaminskaya, I.N. Feklistova, I.B. Sauk, L.Е. Sadovskaya, S.S. Zhardetsky, I.V Mojarova, I.А. Grineva, Y.М. Kuleshova, D.V. Maslak, T.L. Skakun, I.Y. Romanchuk.

Technicians: L.S. Kuchko, E.V. Kotova, V.Y. Lagonenko, A.U. Lahodzich, Т.А. Shumkevich.

The Research Laboratory of Cytogenetics of Plants, headed by associate professor, Candidate of Science V. S. Anohina, works at the Department.

The Genetics Department provides studies in the following general special disciplines: «Genetics», «Cytology and Histology», «Evolutionary Theory», «Molecular Biology of the gene», «Producers selection», «History of Biology».

Lectures in the following specialization disciplines are given: «Cell Pathology», «Molecular Genetics», «Special Genetics and Selection of Plants», «Bioengeneering of Plants and Biosafety», «Extrachromosomal hereditary structures of microorganism cells», «Genetic Analysis», «Genome Instability», «Human Genetics», «Basics of Genotherapy», «Metabolism regulation in pro- and eukaryotes», «Genotherapy», «Modern aspects of Genetic analysis», «Molecular Genetics», «Applied aspects of Genetics».

Main directions of scientific activity:

— The study of molecular mechanisms of synthesis of biologically active compounds of aromatic nature of microorganisms and elaboration of approaches to the problem of increasing of their productivity with genetic methods, creation of microbial producers, suitable for biotechnological use.

— Molecular genetic analysis of natural plasmids of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, creation of vector systems for molecular cloning and transposon mutagenesis.

— Special genetics of leguminous crops, stress resistance gametic selection, alcaloidity genetics, feature and genetic collection of Lupinus genus and molecular aspects of its evolution.

— Programmed cell death and oxidative stress of plants.

— Natural and artificial microRNAs as triggers of RNA-interference. Search and identification of new microRNAs by means of computer and experimental approaches. Hybrid genes as target genes for artifitial microRNAs. Systems of inducible and constitutive expression of artificial microRNA genes. Lentiviral systems for the delivery of artificial microRNA genes to human cells.

— Tumor cells cytometry, the study of distinctive features of DNA reparation during leucosis.

Textbooks, published by academic staff of the Genetics Department in recent years:

1. Gloushen, S. V. Cytology and Histology. Lectures summary S.V. Gloushen. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 138 p. (in Russian).

2. Grinev, V.V. Human genetics. Course of lectures / V.V. Grinev. Minsk, BSU, 2006. 136 p. (in Russian).

3. Yermishin, A.P. Genetically modified organisms. Myths and reality / A.P. Yermishin. Minsk: «Technology», 2004. 118 p. (in Russian).

4. Yermishin, A.P. Biotechnology, biosafety, bioethics / A.P. Yermishin. Minsk: «Technology», 2005. 430 p. (in Russian).

5. Danilenko, N.G. Worlds of organelle genomes / N.G. Danilenko, О.G Davydenko. Minsk: «Technology», 2003. 494 p. (in Russian).

6. Maximova, N.P. Molecular genetics. Collected problems and tests. Textbook / N.P. Maximova. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 86 p. (in Russian).

7. Maximovа, N.P. Genetics. Part 1. Laws of heredity. Lectures summary / N.P. Maximova. Minsk: BSU, 2007. 136 p. (in Russian).

8. Titok, М.А. Plasmids of Gram-positive bacteria/ М.А. Titok. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 120 p. (in Russian).

Most important scientific and guidance publications of recent years:

1. Michael P. Potapnev, Michael V. Belevtscev, Ludmila G. Bortkevich, Buglova S. E., Grinev V. V., Martsev S. P., Kravchuk Z. I., Uglova T. A., Aleinikova O. V. Serum immunoglobulin G and leukemic cell peripheralization in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia // Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2004. Vol. 42. №5. P. 421–426. 58

2. Erenpreisa Je., Ivanov A., Ivanova M., Gloushen S., Cragg M., Illidge T. Micronucleation and chromatin diminution – two methods of the DNA sorting in tumour cells undergoing mitotic catastrophe // Cell Biol. Intern. 2005. Vol. 29. Р.1102.

3. Levchuk А. А., Vasilenko S. L., Bulyga I. М., Titok М. А., Thomas К. М. The characteristic of naphthaline destructive strains of Pseudomonas genus bacteria. // Proceedings of RАS. 2004. V.32. № 2. P. 128–132. (in Russian).

4. Kuleshova Y. М., Маximovа N. P. The determination of antiradical properties of bacterial siderophile pyoverdine Pm // Proceedings of medical-biological sciences 2005. № 2. P. 46–49. (in Russian).

5. Lagodich А. V., Cherva Е. А., Shtanjuk Ya. V., Prokulevich V. А., Fomichev Y. К., Prozorov А.А., Тitok М.А. The creation of vector system for molecular cloning in Bаcillus subtilis and Escherichia coli cells// Мol. biol. – 2005. V. 39.№ 2. p.345–348 (in Russian).

6. Feklistova I. N., Маximova N. P. DАGP-synthase of Pseudomonas aurantiaca B-162 bacteria: activity and synthesis regulation. // Моlecular genetics, microbiology and virology. 2005. № 3. P. 18–22. (in Russian).

7. Sheval Е. V., Kazhura Y. I., Маximova N. P., Polyakov V. Y. Оn cytotoxic effect of herbicide trephlan on Hordeum vulgare L. rootlet cells// Agricultural biology. 2005. № 1. P. 120–126. (in Russian).

8. Sevastsyanovich, Y. R., Titok, M. A., Krasowiak, R., Bingle, L. E. H., Thomas, C. M. Ability of IncP-9 plasmid pM3 to replicate in Escherichia coli is dependent on both rep and par functions // Mol. Microbiol. 2005. V. 57. № 3. Р. 819–833.

9. Аnohina V. S., Маzuko Е. S. The characteristic of vegetable beans intervarietal hybrids in connection with adaptive potential of initial varieties // BSU Herald. Ser. 2 2006. №2. P. 44–48. (in Russian).

10. Kotova Е. V., Sergienko Т. F., Ivanova М. А., Smolnikova V. V., Gloushen S. V., Merkulova I. P., Svirnovsky А. I. The influence of cysplatine on reparation of DNA breakages in human peripheral blood lymphocyte. // Medicinal journal. 2006. № 2. P. 56–58. (in Russian).

11. Chramtsova Е. А., Zhardetsky S. S., Маximova N. P. Indolyl-3-acetic acid synthesis by rhizosphere bacteria Pseudomonas mendocina. The characteristic of regulatory mutants // BSU Herald. Ser. 2 2006. №2. P. 69-73. (in Russian).

12. Titok M., Suski C., Dalmais B., Ehrlich S. D., Janniere L. The replicative polymerases PolC and DnaE are required for theta replication of the Bacillus subtilis plasmid pBS72 // Microbiology. 2006. Vol.152. № 5. P. 1471–1478.

13. Levchuk А. А., Bulyga I. М., Izmalkova Т. Y., Sevastsyanovich, Y. R., Коsheleva I. А., Thomas C. M., Тitok М. А. IncP-9 group Nah-plasmids of natural Pseudomonas strains // Mol. biol. 2006. V.40. № 5. P. 835–843. (in Russian).

14. Voitovich A. M., Yeliseeva K. G., Afonin V. Yu., Novitsky R. V., Kazhura Yu. I. B-3chromosomes in populations of Rana temporaria (Amphibia: Anura) from Belarus // Acta Zool. Bulg. 2006. Vol. 58. № 1. P. 109–116.

15. Маximova N. P., Тitok М. А., Аnohina V. S., Lysak V. V., Chramcova Е. А., Vasilenko S. L., Lagodich А. V., Кunitskaya M. P., Sauk I. B., Zhardetsky S. S., Feklistova I. N., Кuleshova Y. М. Genetic basis of productivity increase of microorganisms and plants // BSU Herald. – 2006. – Ser. 2. – №3.– P. 54-59. (in Russian).

16. Cherepovich V. S., Shahlevich Е.V., Аntonenko Е.V., Lotkova Е.S., Grinev V.V. The modulatory effect of antileukemic drugs on susceptibility of chronic myeloid leukemia cells to cytotoxic lymphocyte// Issues of oncology. 2006 № 4. P. 417–420. (in Russian).

17. Nezametdinova V. Z., Fedorina Е. А., Poluektova Е. U., Тitok М. А., Prozorov А. А. The ability to conjugate and comparative characteristic of large plasmids, contained in natural Bacillus subtilis strains from various regions of East European plain // Microbiology. – 2007. – V. 76, №2. – С. 219-224. (in Russian).

18. Prischepa L., Voitka D., Feklistova I., Maximova N. Bioproducts in the control of soil-borne pathogens underbcover // Advances of Agricultural sciences problem issues – 2008. – Vol. 529. – P. 149 – 154.

19. Feklistova I.N., Maximova N.P. Obtaining Pseudomonas aurantiaca strains capable of overproducing of phenazine antibiotics // Microbiology. – 2008. – Vol. 77. –№2. –P. 176-180.

20. Genetics and biotechnology of XXI century. Fundamental and applied aspects. Goods of international scientific conference. Minsk, BSU, 3-6 December 2008.

Address: 4, Nezavisimost ave., Minsk, 220030 Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095807

Fax: +375(17)2095808


Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 2d floor.

The Department of Zoology was founded in 1921 by professor A.V. Fedjushin.

Specialists are trained in three specializations: «Zoology», «Zoology of Invertebrates» and «Zoology of Vertebrates». By post-graduate courses specialists are also trained in «Zoology» and «Entomology».


3 professors, 5 associate professors, 3 post-graduate students.

Currently at the Department of Zoology the staff is:

Head of Department – Professor S. V. Buga

Professors: I. K. Lopatin, V. Ye. Sidorovich

Associate Professors: L. D. Burko, J. Ye. Meleshko, O. Yu. Kruglova, O. I. Borodin, O. L. Nesterova, V. I. Khvir

Senior Lecturers: N. Ye. Burko, D. L. Petrov, A. V. Balash.

Assistants: V. V. Sakhvon, N. V. Voronova, A. N. Faibich.

Scientists: F. V. Sautkin, A. A. Sidorovich.

Invited specialists are reading a number of special courses and supervising the implementation of students’ educational research work:

Professor G. A. Galkovskaya

Doctor of Biological Sciences E. I. Anisimova

PhD A. V. Derunkov

Main Courses of Studies:

•   Zoology of Invertebrates

•   Zoology of Vertebrates

•   Functional Zoology

Department courses:

•   Methods of Zoological Research

•   Animals of Belarus

•   Zoogeography

•   Teriology

•   Parasitology

•   Entomology

•   Population ecology of animals

•   Ethology

•   Protozoology

•   Animal Ecology

•   Ecological physiology of Vertebrates

•   Zoosystematics

Main Directions of Scientific Activity:

•   The study of biological variety of the fauna of Belarus at the species, population and biocenosis level;

•   Insect Morphology;

•   Insect Taxonomy;

•   Applied Zoology, Entomology and Parasitology;

•   Bioinformatics.

The main textbooks and manuals issued by the staff of the department in recent years

(In Russian):

Buga, S.V. Animal Ecology: lecture notes. - Minsk: BSU , 2005.

Buga, S. V. Information technology in the work with scientific text. - Minsk: BSU, 2005.

Buga, S. V., Kalatskaya, L. M. Informatics: lectures. - Minsk: BSU, 2003.

Burko, L. D. Zoology of Vertebrate: lectures. - Minsk: BSU, 2006.

Burko, L. D., Balazs, A. V., Burko, N. E. Vertebrate Zoology: workshops for students. - Minsk: BSU, 2006.

Lopatin, I.K. Zoological Systematics: lecture notes. - Minsk: BSU, 2005.

Lopatin, I.K. e.a. Taxonomy of invertebrates: manual. - Minsk: BSU, 2008.
Meleshko, J. Ye., Shalapenok E. S. Short key of water invertebrate animals. - Minsk: BSU, 2005.

Shalapenok, E. S. General parasitology: lectures. - Minsk: BSU, 2004.

Shalapenok, E. S., Kamlyuk L. V. Biology: tests for secondary school/ - M.: Iris Press, 2007.

The most important scientific publications in recent years:

Lopatin, I. K., Nesterova, O. L. Insects Belarus: leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). – Minsk: Tehnoprint, 2005. 294 pp. (in Russian).

Borodin, О. I. A checklist of the Auchenorrhyncha of Belarus (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha et Cicadomorpha) // Beitrage zur Zikadenkunde. 2004. Bd. 7. S. 29-48.

Buga, S. V., Rakauskas, R. Recent additions to the aphid fauna of Belarus // Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 2003. Vol. 13, n. 3. P. 396-402.

Kruglova, O. Yu., Zvereva, E. L., Kozlov, M. V. Color polymorphism in relation to population dynamics of the leaf beetle Chrysomela lapponica // Evolutionary Ecology. 2002. Vol. 16, n. 6. P. 523-539.

Meleshko, J. Ye., Korotyaev, B. A. Two new species of the weevil genus Polydrusus Germar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) from Iran // Contributions to Systematics and Biology of Beetles. Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Igor Konstantinovich Lopatin. Sofia; Moscow: Pensoft Publishers. Series Faunistica. 2005. Vol. 43. P. 289-297.

Buga, S. V., Stekolshchikov, A. V. First record of Uroleucon murale from Byelorussia with description of oviparous female // Zoosystematica Rossica. 2006. Vol. 15, n. 1. P. 69-72.

Lopatin, I. К., Nesterova, O. L. A new species of Acolastus from United Arab Emirates (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cryptocephalinae) // Zoosystematica Rossica. 2007. Vol. 15, n. 2. P. 308.

Lopatin, I. K. Order Coleoptera, family Chrysomelidae /1. // Arthropod fauna of the United Arab Emirates. 2008. Vol. 1. P. 312-324.

Stekolshchikov, A.V., Leshchinskaya, N.V., Buga, S.V. Hitherto unknown morphs of two species of the genus Aphis (Homoptera: Aphididae) // Zoosystematica Rossica. 2008. Vol. 17, n. 1. P. 73-78.

Stekolshchikov, A.V., Buga, S.V., Leshchinskaya, N.V. Addition to the aphid fauna of Belarus (Homoptera: Aphidoidea) with detailed description of sexuales of Semiaphis anthrisci (Kaltenbach, 1843) // Zoosystematica Rossica. 2008. Vol. 17, n. 1. P. 61-66.

Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095837




Fax: +375(17)2095808


web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 3d floor.

Historical Background

The department was established in 1960. During this time it was headed by Prof. B. Ya. Elbert (1960–1963), Prof. P. A. Bulanov (1964–1969) and Prof. Yu. K. Fomichev (1969–1988). Prof. V. A. Prokulevich has been the Head of the Department since 1988.


Professor Dr.V. A. ProkulevichHead of Department, Professor  Dr. Yu. K. Fomichev, Professor Dr. M. A. Titok;

Associate professors: V. V. Lysak, R. A. Zheldakova, V. E. Miamin, A. G. Pesnyakevich and O. V. Fomina

Assistant: E. I. Ignatenko

Scientists: N. N. Nashkevich, R. I. Astapovich, M. I. Potapovich, S. G. Golenchenko.

Technicians: O. A. Vygovskaya, S. V. Patyupina, T. A. Rachkovskaya, A. D. Bondarenko.


The department carries out training in the following areas: "Biology, specialization "microbiology", "Biotechnology" "Bioecology”.

List of disciplines, assigned to be studied at the Department of Microbiology:

Main courses of studies:

1.  Microbiology

2.  Virusology

3.  Fundamentals of Immunology

4.  Fundamentals of Biotechnology

5.  Molecular Biology of Cancer

6.  Vector Systems

7.  Cell Cultivation

8.  Decomposers in Natural and Artificial Ecosystems

9.  Cellular Engineering

10.  Biotechnology of Industrial Waste Utilisation

Department courses:

1.  Molecular Bacteriology.

2.  The Most Important Groups of Prokaryotic Microorganisms.

3.  Molecular Mechanisms of Genetic Processes.

4.  Extrachromosomal Hereditary Structures of Microbial Cells.

5.  Mechanisms of Antibiotic Biosynthesis and Their Effect on Bacterial Cells

6.  Applied Aspects of Immunology

7.  Industrial Microbiology

8.  Medical and Sanitary Microbiology

9.  Phytopathogenic Microorganisms.

10.  Regulation of Metabolic Processes in Bacteria.

11.  Fundamentals of Molecular Biology.

12.  Antimicrobials

13.  The Most Important Groups of Microorganisms.

14.  Biotechnology - Principles and Applications

Main research directions

·  Development of biological preparations for the prevention and treatment of diseases of farm animals.

·  Studying the genetic regulation of biosynthesis of biologically active compounds by bacterial cells.

·  Creating strains-producers for the biotechnology industry.

·  Investigation of pathogenic bacteria of the genus Erwinia to obtain information about the functional activity of several gene products important for the interaction with the host plants.

·  Isolation, identification and study of spreading of bacterial pathogens of vegetable crops in Belarus. Development of molecular methods of plant pathogen identification.

·  Studies of antimicrobial activities of certain original synthetised organic compounds and possibilities of their practical application.

The group of genetic engineering of veterinary preparations led by prof. V.A. Prokulevich is currently working on:

·  cloning of the genes and expressing proteins of alpha interferons of agricultural animals, studying of their specificity as well as antiviral, immune modulating and anti-proliferation activity with the final aim of creation of highly effective preparations for veterinary;

·  development and creation of the biologically active cytokine preparation components and antibiotics of prolonged action;

·  creation of solvents for increasing the effectiveness of vaccines used in veterinary;

·  development of new generation of disinfectants.

These research activities are funded by the State Programmes “Industrial Biotechnology” and “New Technologies and Biological Preparations for Agriculture, Industry, Medicine and Environment Protection”.

The department is also constantly developing on a permanent basis the new approaches in teaching microbiology, biotechnology and related disciplines. Its activities include the development and publication of textbooks, manuals, recommendations, guidelines for the laboratory classes for students undergoing the training and expertise within the department as well as constant development and improvement of new methods of students’, self-control taking into account the directions of development of higher education in Belarus.

Teaching aids developed by members of the department in recent years:

1.  V.V. Grichik, A.G. Pesnyakevich, I.V. Bogacheva, O.N. Rogozhnikov, V.V. Lysak. Common biology. Experimental textbook for 11th grade of secondary schools / Minsk: Narodnaya Asveta, 2004, 135 p. (in Russian)

2.  Blazhevich O.V. Cell Cultivation: Lecture course / Minsk: BSU, 2005. 78 p. (in Russian)

3.  R. A. Zheldakova. Mechanisms of Antibiotic Biosynthesis and Their Effect on Bacterial Cells: Teaching aids / Minsk: BSU, 2005. 123 p. (in Russian)

4.  A.E. Korenkov, N.V. Korenkova, A. G. Pesnyakevich. Ecology Olympiads: preparation and performance / Minsk: Rodiola-plus, 2005. 212 p. (in Russian)

5.  R. A. Zheldakova, V.E. Myamin. Phytopathogenic Microorganisms : Teaching aids / Minsk: BSU, 2006. 116 p. (in Russian)

6.  Yu. K. Fomichev, A.N. Evtushenkov. Introduction to Biotechnology. Lecture course / Minsk: BSU, 2005. 78 p. (in Russian)

7.  A. G. Pesnyakevich Fundamentals of Immunology: Курс лекций / Minsk: BSU, 2008. 195 с. (in Russian)

8.  V. V. Lysak. Microbiology: Textbook / Minsk: BSU, 2007. 343 p. (in Russian)

9.  R. A. Zheldakova, V.D. Poliksenova, V. V. Lysak. Methodological approaches to organization of controlled independent work of students within the faculty of biology of the BSU // Proc. Resp. Conf. “Informational-methodological supplies for the controlled independent work of university students”. Minsk: BSU, 2007. P. 162-166. (in Russian)

Recent scientific publications

1.  V. E. Myamin, A. G. Pesnyakevich, V. A. Prokulevich. Purification of pectine metabolites // Vestnik BSU. Ser. 2. 2003. № 1. P.47–51. (in Russian)

2.  S.A. Skoblyakov, V. E. Myamin, A.L. Lagonenko, A. G. Pesnyakevich, Y.A. Nikolaichik. The effect of the pelW and kdgR mutations on pectinases production by Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica // Vestnik BSU. Ser. 2. 2004. № 2. P.40–44. (in Russian)

3.  V. E. Myamin, A. G. Pesnyakevich, Y.A. Nikolaichik, V. A. Prokulevich. Genetic regulation of the pathogenicity and virulence factors in Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica. Identification of the kduD gene // Genetics. 2004. Т. 40. № 9. P. 1187–1193. (in Russian)

4.  V. E. Myamin, A. G. Pesnyakevich, V. A. Prokulevich Genetic regulation of the pathogenicity and virulence factors in Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica. Phenotypic characterization of the kduD mutant bacteria // Genetics. 2004. Т. 40. № 9. P.1194–1199. (in Russian)

5.  A.V. Lagodich, E.A. Cherva, Ya.V. Shtanyuk, V. A. Prokulevich, Yu. K. Fomichev, A.A. Prosorov, M.A. Titok. Construction of the vector system for molecular cloning in the cells of Bаcillus subtilis and Escherichia coli // Mol. Biol. 2005. Т. 39. №2. P.345–348 (in Russian)

6.  M.A. Titok, V. A. Prokulevich, L. Janniere. The influence of the host cell replication machinery on the inheritance of the pBS72 plasmid of Bacillus subtilis // Proc. NAS Belarus. 2005. Т.49. №3. P.70–76. (in Russian)

7.  Zheldakova R. A., Lysak V. V., Mitroshkina O. A. Creation a culture collection of microorganisms for education purposes // Microbial diversity: current situation, conservation strategy and biotechnological potentialites: Proceedings of II Int. Conf., 20–25 September, 2005, Perm/Institute of Ecology and Genetics of Micro-organisms, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences. 2005. P. 216.

8.  R. A. Zheldakova, A. G. Pesnyakevich, V. V. Lysak. 30 years of studying bacteria from the genus Erwinia: results and perspectives // Vestnik BSU. Ser. 2. 2006. № 3. P.65–68. (in Russian)

9.  Loginova N. V., Kovalchuk T. V., Zheldakova R. A., Polozov H. Il, Sorokin V. L., Shadyro O. I. Copper (II) complexes of sterically hindered diphenol derivates: synthesis, characterization and microbiological studies // Centr. Eur. J. Chem. — 2006/ — V. 4, №3. — P. 440-457.

10.  Loginova N. V., Kovalchuk T. V., Zheldakova R. A., Polozov H. I., Sorokin V. L., Shadyro O. I. Synthesis, characterization antifungal activity of copper (II) complexes of sterically hinded diphenol derivates // Polyhedron. — 2006. — Vol. 25. — P. 3603-3610.

11.  Loginova N. V., Kovalchuk T. V., Zheldakova R. A., Polozov H. I., Sorokin V. L., Shadyro O. I. Synthesis and biological evaluation of copper (II) complexes of sterically hinded o-aminophenol derivates as antimicrobial agents // Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. — 2006. — Vol. 16. — P. 5403-5407.

12.  Loginova N. V., Polozov H. I, Sorokin V. L., Shadyro O. I., R. A. Zheldakova Bioactive metallocomplexes of sterically shielded diphenol and aminophenol derivatives as the new direction for development of antimicrobial and antiviral preparations // Vestnik BSU. Ser. 2. — 2006. — №3. — P. 3-20. (in Russian)

13.  Yu.V. Seleznyova, V. A. Prokulevich Development of veterinary preparations on the basis of genetically engineered strains producing unspecific immune modulators and compounds with antioxidant activity // Molecular applied genetics: scientific works. Research results within the state programme “Genetic engineereing” 2002-2006. — 2006. — Т. 3. — P. 115-119. (in Russian)

14.  Potapenko N.T., Loginova N.V., R. A. Zheldakova, G.P. Shevchenko. Ag-SiO2 nanostructures with antimicrobial activity // Vestnik BSU. Ser. 2. — 2008. — №1. — P. 18-22. (in Russian)

15.  S.V. Smolskaya, A.G. Pesnyakevich. Mechanisms of the intercellular interactions in prokaryotes // Proceedings of the Belarusian State University. Vol. 1, 2006, P. 42-55. (in Russian)

16.  S. A. Skoblyakov, V. E. Myamin, A. G. Pesnyakevich. Creation of the genetic constructs for the inactivation of the Eca0852 and Eca0804 genes of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica // Proceedings of the Belarusian State University. Vol. 2, 2007. P. 172-180. (in Russian)

17.  21. M.I. Potapovich, V. A. Prokulevich. Characterisation of the chicken α-interferon and influence of the gene structure on its expression in the cells of Escherichia coli // Vestnik BSU. Ser. 2, 2008. №2. – P. 34-37 (in Russian)

Address: 4, Nezavisimost ave., Minsk, 220030 Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095848


Fax: +375(17)2095808


Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 4d floor.

The Department of Molecular Biology was founded in 2002.

The Head of the Department – Professor Anatoli Nikolaevich Evtushenkov.

Professor:A.N. Evtushenkov.

Associate Professors: Y.A. Nikolaichik, A.M. Khodosovskaya, O.B. Rus’, A.L. Lagonenko.

Senior lecturer: L.N. Valentovich,

Assistants: D.V. Galinovsky.

Scientists: E.V. Kulik, Yu.V. Selezneva, O.K. Prisyazhnenko,

Technicians: S.A. Kulish, J.B. Sudnitsyna, V.I. Nikonenko.

Main courses of studies:


Molecular Biology

Introduction to Biotechnology

Genetic Engineering

Molecular Fundamentals of Ontogenesis

Cell Metabolism Regulation

Department courses:

Introduction to Molecular Biology

Cell Biopolymers and Methods of Their Analysis

Regulatory Mechanisms of the Cell


Molecular Biotechnology

Structural and Functional Genome Organization of Pro- and Eukaryotes

Biotechnological Objects

Molecular Fundamentals of Developmental Biology

Molecular Biology of Yeasts

Molecular Fundamentals of Antioxidant Systems Functioning

Molecular Fundamentals of Biosignaling

The main directions of research in the department

- Studies on molecular mechanisms of interaction of phytopathogenic microorganisms with plants;

- Molecular biotechnology of biologically active substances (enzymes, pigments) and construction of strains producing substances used in industry;

- Development of diagnostic tools for phytopathogens of agricultural plants;

- Investigation of protein secretion systems in bacteria;

- Biotechnology of the high quality flax fiber production.

The main scientific achievements

- The structure of the hrp gene cluster coding for the type III secretion system of the phytopathogenic bacteria Pectobacterium carotovorum was investigated. The role of general proteins (DspE, HrpJ, HrpW and HrpN), secreted by their system, in interaction with plants, was characterized. Nicotiana tabacum L. plants, expressing the hrpN, hrpW and hrpJ transgenes, were constructed and characterized.

- A bacterial producer of glucose isomerase which originated from Arthrobacter was constructed. It is characterized by high level of the enzyme synthesis.

- Bacterial strains accumulating either carotene or lycopene were constructed.

- Plasmid vectors were constructed to direct recombinant protein secretion out of cytoplasm to the periplasmic space.

- Bacterial strains suitable for flax fiber extraction were isolated. They are able to accelerate process of flax fiber extraction significantly and could be used for industrial production of grade fibers.

Students have the opportunity to carry out research work at the Laboratory of Molecular biotechnology under the supervision of associate professor Y.A. Nikolaichik. The main direction of research in the laboratory is study of interaction of phytopathogenic Pectibacteria with Solanaceae plants. Since the organization of the laboratory about 20 students have participated in scientific experiments. There are more then 40 research papers published by students as co-authors.

Educational materials, published by the stuff of the department

1. Evtushenkov A.N., Fomichev Ju.K. Introduction to Biotechnology: lecture course. Minsk: BGU, 2002. 105 pp. (in Russian).

2. Nikolaichik Y.A. Cell Metabolism Regulation: lecture course. Minsk: BGU, 2006, 165pp. (in Russian).

3. Evtushenkov A.N., Zheldakova R.A., Rus' O.B., Khodosovskaya A.M. Virology.Methodical recommendations to laboratory. Minsk: BGU, 2006. 47 pp. (in Russian).

Significant publications

1.  Lagonenko A.L., Ovchinnikova T.V., Nikolaichik Y.A., Evtushenkov A.N. Characterization of the HrpJ protein, a component of the type III secretion machinery of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica// Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. 2004. Vol.48. №5. P. 74-78 (in Russian).

2.  Ovchinnikova TV, Lagonenko AL, Evtushenkov AN, Nikolaichik YA. The use of alternative sigma factor HrpL to improve expression of the type III secretion machinery of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica // Biotechnology in agriculture and the food industry. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, 2004. Р. 141-148.

3.  Nikolaichik Y. A., Ovchinnikova T. V., Valentovich L. N., Gubich O. I., Sholukh M. V., Evtushenkov A. N. DspE protein is translocated by phytopathogenic bacteria Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica into the cells of Nicotiana tabacum and is required for the induction of the hypersensitive reaction // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. 2005. Vol. 49. № 5. P. 81-85 (in Russian).

4.  Selezneva Ju.V. Identification of the Pantoea agglomerans gene influencing on carotene production // The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus News. Biological chapter. 2005. №3. P. 67-69 (in Russian).

5.  Nikolaichik Y.A., Lagonenko A.L., Valentovich L.N., Leshkovich I.I., Ovchinnikova T.V., Prisyazhnenko O.K., Doruzhinskaya N.G., Limorova I.M., Evtushenkov A.N. Molecular mechanisms of interaction of phytopathogenic bacteria Erwinia with plants // Belarussian state university messenger. Ser. 2: Cem. Biol. Geogr. 2006. №3. P. 60-64 (in Russian).

6. Sapunova L.I., Lobanok A.G., Kazakevich I.O., Shlyakhotko E.A., Evtushenkov A.N. Biosynthetic features and properties of xylose isomerases from Arthrobacter nicotianae, Escherichia coli, and Erwinia carotovota subsp. atroseptica // Applied biochemistry and microbiology. 2006. Vol. 42. № 3. P. 279-284 (in Russian).

7. Doruzhinskaya N. G., Kulik E. V., Nikolaichik Y. A, Evtushenkov A. N. Construction of a vector with the lieder sequence of the pectate lyase gene of Erwinia chrysanthemi to direct cytoplasmic proteins to the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli // Molecular and applied genetics: scientific proceedings. Vol.3. Minsk, 2006. P. 42–46 (in Russian).

8. Lagonenko A. L., Nikolaichik Y. A., Evtushenkov A. N. Characterization of harpin HrpW of Erwinia catotovora subsp. atroseptica // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. 2006. Vol.50. №1. P. 70−73 (in Russian).

9. Nikolaichik E. A., Lagonenko A. L., Valentovich L. N., Prisyazhenko O. K., Evtushenkov A.N. Comparative characteristics of HrpN harpins from Erwinia carotovora and Erwinia amylovora // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. 2007. Vol.51. №3. P. 81-85 (in Russian).

10.  Shlyakhotko E. A., Sapunova L. I., Lobanok A. G., Korzhik A. M., Evtushenkov A. N. Lactose induced synthesis of xylose isomerase in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)/pET24bxylA recombinant strain// Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. 2007. Vol.51. №4. P. 52-56 (in Russian).

11.  Prisyazhnenko O. K., Nikolaichik Y. A., Evtushenkov A. N. Expression of harpin HrpN gene of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica in trangenic tobacco plants induces resistance genes // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. 2007. Vol.51. №5. P. 85-89 (in Russian).

12.  Lagonenko A.L., Komardina V.S., Nikolaichik Y.A., Evtushenkov A.N. First report of Erwinia amylovora fire blight in Belarus // J. Phytopathology. 2008. Vol. 156. Р. 638–640.

13.  Valentovich L. N., Gubich O. I., Nikolaichik Y. A. Role of the DspF protein of Erwina carotovora subsp. atroseptica in the functioning of the type III secretion system // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. 2008. Т.52. №5. P. 79-85 (in Russian).

14.  Lagonenko A.L., Kastritsckaya M.S., Kukharchyk N.V., Evtushenkov A.N. Fire blight resistance of Belarusian apple and pear varieties // FRUIT-GROWING. 2008. Vol.20. P. 34 – 39 (in Russian).

15.  Rus' O.B., Evtushenkov A.N. The characteristic of native isolate Bacillus sp. 406 producing thermostable amylase // Belarussian state university messenger. Ser. 2: Cem. Biol. Geogr. 2008. № 3. P. 47-50 (in Russian).

16.  Hodosovskaya A.M., Rus' O.B. Training course for the student-biotechnologists (elaboration of the Molecular biology department of Belorussian State university // High school. 2008. № 5. S. 61-63 (in Russian).

Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095810

Fax: +375(17)2095808


Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 1d floor.

The department was founded in 1974. During the time of existence it was headed by ass. prof. V.P. Lyachnovich (1974-1985), prof. N.M. Kryuchkova (1985-1996), Dr. A.Yu. Karatayev (1997-2001).

At present the department is headed by ass. prof. Grichik Vasily Vitalievich. The teaching staff of the department consists of 2 doctors of sciences, 5 associate professors, 3 assistants. The teaching process is organized with the help of 3 members of auxiliary personnel.


Professors: L.V. Kamlyuk, Ya. K. Kulikov.

Associate professors: V.V. Grichik, N.G. Eryomova, T.A. Makarevich, G.A. Semenyuk.

Senior lecturer: A.A. Zhukova

Assistants: M.L. Minets, E.E. Gayevsky, M.Yu. Nemchinov.

Methodologist: S.N. Tarasevich.

Technicians: G.G. Vezhnovets, V.V. Kuzmenko.

Higher education staff training

For the period of the department existence the doctoral thesis and two candidate's theses have been defended. Every year 1-2 post-graduates take training courses at the department.

The teaching staff provides lecturing and study process on the following subjects:

– Biometrics (ass. M.P. Minets)

– Ecology and Rational Nature Management (ass. profs. V.V. Grichik, G.A. Semenyuk, prof. L.V. Kamlyuk)

– Methods of Biology Teaching (ass. prof. V.V. Grichik, prof. L.V. Kamlyuk)

– Methods of Educational Work (ass. prof. V.V. Grichik)

– General Ecology (ass. profs. G.A. Semenyuk, T.A. Makarevich)

– Soil Science (prof. Ya. K. Kulikov)

– Consumers and Their Role in Ecosystems (corresponding member V.P. Semenchenko)

– Plant and Animal Resources (ass. profs. V.V. Chernik, V.V. Grichik)

– Ecological Monitoring, Control and Expertise (ass. prof. T.A. Makarevich)

– Agroecology (prof. Ya. K. Kulikov)

– Introduction to Speciality (all staff)

– Ecological Physiology (ass. prof. N.G. Eryomova)

– Primary producers (ass. prof. T.A. Makarevich)

– Radioecology (ass. prof. T.A. Makarevich)

– Hydroecology (corresponding member Ostapenya A.P., prof. L.V. Kamlyuk)

– Population ecology (prof. G.A. Galkovskaya, s. lecturer A.A. Zhukova)

– Biotic cycling in ecosystems (ass. prof. T.A. Makarevich, corresponding member V.P. Semenchenko)

Special subjects for students that specialize in ecology:

– Ecological problems of Belarus (prof. Ya. K. Kulikov)

– Ecological biochemistry (ass. prof. of biochemistry department N.M. Oryol)

– Global ecology (prof. L.V. Kamlyuk)

– Special hydroecology (ass. prof. G.A. Semenyuk)

– Ecology of a human being (ass. prof. N.G. Eryomova)

– Ecology of urban surrounding (ass. prof. G.A. Semenyuk)

– Landscape ecology (prof. Ya. K. Kulikov)

– Fish resources (ass. prof. V.G. Kostousov)

– Bioindication of the environmental quality (s. lecturer A.A. Zhukova)

– Soil resources (prof. Ya. K. Kulikov)

Main trends of research and methodological activity of the department:

–  distribution and ecological effects of invasive water species in Belarus;

–  study of population and fenetic structure of coleopterous in swamp and forests;

–  zooplankton communities functioning in waterbodies of urban areas;

–  biodiversity of animals in flood-plain landscapes in Belarus;

–  the increase of agricultural lands productivity based on the optimization of soil ecological factors;

–  the role of attached communities (periphyton, microphytobenthos) in water ecosystems;

–  autotrophic communities functioning in freshwater ecosystems;

–  theoretical basis of teaching and methodical complexes and school biology textbook;

–  working out the system of ecology teaching with the use of modern conceptions of natural sciences;

–  development of new methods of controlling students works;

–  working out and editing the teaching and methodical manuals in ecology.

Key scientific and applied achievements:

–  methodic recommendations on soil optimization have been worked out and approved in Agricultural Ministry;

–  means of sod-podzol and turfy soil optimization aimed at getting of highly productive cultures;

–  methodic recommendations on precipitation tank periphyton use for sewage waters cleansing have been worked out;

–  scientific and methodical base for biota monitoring in drinking water have been developed;

–  the first electronic database on aquatic invaders in Belarus has been created;

–  the differences in fenetic structure of carabus populations in different parts of the republic have been established;

–  the possibility to assess the water quality based on reproduction potential of Crustacea has been ascertained;

–  the reconstruction of some stages of bird subspecies distribution in Holocene on the territory of Belarus has been done;

–  school-books and manuals on biology for 7-11 classes have been written;

Manuals for recent years:

–  Grichik V.V. Plant and animal resources: Lectures course. Minsk: BSU, 2002. 88 p. (in Russian)

–  Makarevich T.A. Ecological Monitoring, Control and Expertise: Lectures course. Minsk: BSU, 2002. 107 p. (in Russian)

–  Makarevich T.A. Ecological Monitoring, Control and Expertise: Manual book for practical trainings and seminars. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 81 p. (in Russian)

–  Kamlyuk L.V. Global ecology: Lectures course. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 127 p. (in Russian)

–  Kamlyuk L.V., Eryomova N.G. et al. Ecological dictionary / Minsk: Narodnaya asveta, 2004. 105 p. (in Russian)

–  Semenchenko V.P. Consumers and Their Role in Ecosystems: Lectures course. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 95 p. (in Russian)

–  Eryomova N.G. Ecology of a human being: Lectures course. Minsk: BSU, 2005. 196 p. (in Russian)

–  Kulikov Ya. K., Grichik V.V. Landscape ecology: Lectures course. Minsk: BSU, 2006. 74 p. (in Russian)

–  Kamlyuk L.V., Lemeza N.A., Lisov N. D. Biology, 10 class: School-book. Minsk: Narodnaya asveta, 2006. 277 p. (in Russian)

–  Мinets М.L., Grichik V.V. The control of knowledge, abilities and skills at biology lessons // Manual book for practical trainings in course “Methods of Biology Teaching”. Minsk: BSU, 2007. (in Russian)

–  Lemeza N.A., Kamlyuk L.V., Lisov N.D. Manual in biology for university entrants. Minsk: Unipress, 2008. 607 p. (in Russian)

–  Semenyuk G.A. Ecology of urban surrounding: Lectures course. Minsk: BSU, 2008. (in Russian)

–  Shalapyonok Е.S., Kamlyuk L.V., Lisov N.D. Biology tests. – М.: Airess-Press, 2008. (in Russian)

–  Lemeza N.A., Kamlyuk L.V., Lisov N.D. Biology in examination questions and answers: Manual book for teachers, coaches and university entrants. Minsk: Unipress, 2008. (in Russian)

Main scientific publications:

–  Mastitsky S.E., Samoilenko V.M. The gravel snail, Lithoglyphus naticoides (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae), a new Ponto-Caspian species in Lake Lukomskoye (Belarus) // Aquatic Invasions. – 2006. – Vol. 1(3). – P. 161-170.

–  Mastitsky S.E., Makarevich O.A. Distribution and abundance of Ponto-Caspian amphipods in the Belarusian section of the Dnieper River // Aquatic Invasions. – 2007. – Vol. 2(1). – P. 39-44.

–  Mastitsky S.E., Samoilenko V.M. Chironomids (Insecta, Chironomidae) encountered in the mantle cavity of Dreissena polymorpha (Bivalvia, Dreissenidae) // Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. – 2005. – Vol. 90(1). – P. 42-50.

–  Stedman R.C., Lathrop R.C., Clark B., Ejsmont-Karabin J., Kasprzak P., Nielsen K., Osgood D., Powell M., Ventela A.-M., Webster K.E., Zhukova A.A. Perceived environmental quality and place attachment in North American European Temperate lake districts // Lake and Reservoir Management. – V.23. – 2007. – P. 330-344.

–  Makarevich T.A., Mastitsky S.E., Savich I.V. Phytoperiphyton on the shells of Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) in Lake Naroch / Aquatic Invasions. – 2008. – Vol. 3(3). – P. 283-295.

–  Grichik V.V. Geographic variability of birds in Belarus: taxonomic analysis. – Minsk: BSU, 2005. – 169 p. (in Russian)

–  Grichik V.V. Intraspecific taxonomy and the problems of bird preservation in Belarus // Vestnik of the BSU. – P. 2. 2006. – № 2. – P. 33–36. (in Russian)

–  Kamlyuk L.V. Protection mechanisms of human organism // Biology: teaching problems. – № 2. – Minsk, 2008.– P. 13-18. (in Russian)

–  Kulikov Ya.K., Gayevsky E.E., Sologub N.S. Soil optimization based on peat and rich soil input / Biology: teaching problems. – № 1. – Minsk, 2006.– P. 49-56. (in Russian)

–  Makarevich T.A. Periphyton contribution to the total primary production in freshwater ecosystems (survey) // Vestnik of the Tumen State University. – № 5. – 2005.– P. 77-86. (in Russian)

–  Мinets М.L., Grichik V.V. Comparison characteristics of the variability of two populations of ground beetles Carabus menetriesi Humm. (Coleoptera, Carabidae) // Vestnik of the BSU. – P. 2. 2005. – № 2. – P. 58-62. (in Russian)



Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095849



Fax: +375(17)2095808


Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 3d floor.


The department was established in 1928. During this time it was headed by professors T. N. Godnev (1928–1960), associate professors S. V. Kalishevich (1960–1971) and L. V. Kahnovich (1971–1991). Prof. V. M. Yurin has been the Head of the department since 1991.


Professor (Doctor of Science):  V.M. Yurin (Head of the Department);

Associate professors (Ph. D.): A.P. Kudryashov, I.I. Smolich, O.V. Molchan, T.I. Ditchenko, G.G. Filiptsova, S.N. Naydun and O.G. Yakovets.

Assistants: S.N. Romashko.

Head of “Laboratory of Plant Cell Physiology”: A.I. Sokolik (Ph. D.)

Researchers: Z. V. Visotskaya (Ph.D), M. P. Shapchits, E. N. Krytynskaya, V. I. Levchenko, N. V. Kabanova.

Technicians: E. S. Kurilo, I. A. Tsurbanova, T. A. Zubchenok, N. V. Pritulik, E. S. Prokofyeva


The department carries out undergraduate teaching in the following areas: "Biology, specialization "Plant physiology", "Biotechnology".

List of disciplines, assigned to the Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry:

Main courses of studies:

·  Plant Physiology

·  Xenobiology

·  Biomediatores in Plants

·  Immobilized Cells and Enzymes

·  Biosensors

·  Protection of Population and National Economy Objects in the Extremal Situations

·  Protection of Labour.

Department courses:

·  Plant Cell Membranes

·  Physiology Growth and Development of Plants

·  Xenophytophysiology

·  Water Balance of Plants

·  Phytophysiology of Stress

·  Photosynthesis

·  Biochemistry of Plants

·  Plant Mineral Nutrition

·  Information Structures of Plant Cell

·  Ecological Plant Physiology

·  Culture of Plant Cells, Tissues and Organs

·  Physiologycal Principles Plant Growing in the Closed Systems.

Main research directions:

·  Studying of main features of the separate ion transport mechanisms, their replies on changing the main medium factors: ionic contents, temperature (key and long-term experiments), stress factors, including salinity, heavy and polyvalent metals are carried out.

·  The separate ion transport mechanisms (cationic channels, H+-ATPase pump, unselective ionic permeability) and a system they formed as a whole, their regulation and interaction.

·  The peculiarities of the xenobiotic effects (pesticides, heavy metals and so on) on ion-transport mechanisms of plant plasma membranes.

·  The screening and ecological monitoring of the environment.

·  Technologies of immobilized pharmacological plant cell and tissue cultures development.

Teaching aids developed by members of the department in recent years:

1. Yurin, V. M.  Xenobiology: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 2001. 234 p. (in Russian).

2. Yurin, V. M.  Xenobiology: the manual. Minsk: ООО « New knowledge», 2002. 267 p. (in Russian)

3. Yurin, V. M. Modular program of laboratory practice «Xenobiology». Minsk: BSU, 2004. 36 p. (in Russian)

4. Yurin, V. M.  Plant Mineral Nutrition: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 234 p. (in Russian).

5. Yurin, V. M.  Biomediatores in plants: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 128 p. (in Russian)

6. Yurin, V. M., Kudryashov A. P. Xenophytophysiology: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 1999. 88 p. (in Russian)

7. Oniani, D.A., Yurin V. M., Kudryashov A. P. Xenophytotoxicology: the manual. Tbilisi: TSU, 2002. 283 p. (in Russian)

8. Yurin, V. M.,  Kahnovich L.V., Еrmolenko G.L. Ecological plant physiology: the manual.. Minsk: BSU, 1995. 148 p. (in Russian)

9. Yurin, V. M.  Immobilized cells and enzymes: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2006. 133 p. (in Russian)

10. Kudryashov, A. P. Biosensors: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 113 p. (in Russian).

11. Kudryashov, A. P. Plant Cell Membranes: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 2005. 84 p. (in Russian)

12. Kahnovich, L.V. Photosynthesis: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2002. 283 p. (in Russian)

13. Filiptsova G. G.,   Smolich I. I.  Biochemistry of plants: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 136 p. (in Russian)

14. Ditchenko, T.I. Plant cells, tissues and organs culture: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2007. 107 p. (in Russian)

15. Smolich I.I., Hodorenko L.А.,  Yurin. V. M. Water balance of plants: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2008. 108 p. (in Russian)

16. Yurin, V. M. Plant Bioelectrogenesis: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 2008. 135 p. (in Russian).

17. Reshetnikov V.N., Spiridovich E.V. Information structures of plant cell: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2008. 103 p. (in Russian)

Recent scientific publications:

1. Demidchik V.V., Sokolik A.I., Yurin. V.M. The effect of Cu2+ on ion transport systems of the plant cell plasmalemma // Plant Physiology. 1997. V. 114. P. 1313-1325.

2. Sokolik A.., Visotskaya Zh., Krytynskaya E., Yurin V. Interaction of ion-transport mechanisms at the plasmalemma of plant cells. Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences. 2001, V.92. Plant Nutrition. Food security and sustainability of agro-ecosystems through basic and applied research. P. 200-201.

3. Demidchik V., Sokolik A., Yurin V. Characteristics of non-specific permeability and H+-ATPase inhibition induced in the plasma membrane of Nitella flexilis by excessive Cu2+ // Planta. 2001 V. 212. P. 583-590.

4. Demidchik V., Sokolik A., Yurin V. Copper uptake and distribution in plants // Trends Curr Biol. 2001. V. 121. P. 190-197.

5. Demidchik V.V., Naidun S.N., Yablontskaya L.I., Sokolik A.I., Yurin V.M. Alteration of ion channels in the plasmalemma of Nitella flexilis cells during long-term hyperthermia // Russ J Plant Physiol. 2001. V. 48. P.294-299. (in Russian)

6. Demidchik V., Sokolik A., Yurin V. Toxicity of excess copper in plants and mechanisms of tolerance // Trends Curr Biol. 2001. P.121. P. 511-525.

7. Kudryashova V.A., Kudryashov.A.P. Express-Appraisal of Plant Protoplasts Nativity // Biotechnology and agriculture and the food industry. N.Y. 2004. Р. 145-149.

8. Demidchik V., Sokolik A. Yurin V. Electrophysiological characterization of plant cation channels. In: Plant Electrophysiology. Theory and methods. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heiddelberg.– P.173–185.

9. Samovich T. V., Shalygo N. V., Kudryashov A. P., Averina N. G. Photodynamic Processes and the Synthesis of 5-Aminolevulinic Acid in Chlorella Cells Treated with Amino Acids and 1,10-Phenanthroline // Russ J Plant Physiol. 2006. V.53. P.814. (in Russian)

10. Kudryashov A.P., Kudryashova V.A., Tsap T.V. Polarization of plant cell plasma membrane and regulation of the ion transport processes // Proceedings of BSU. 2006. №. 1. Р. 78-88. (in Russian)

11. Yurin V.M., Kudryashov A.P., Sokolik A.I. Using of electroalgological detecting device for physiologically active agents evaluation // Proceedings of BSU. 2006. №. 1. Р. 291-300. (in Russian)

12. Yakovets O.G., Ditchenko T.I., Krytynskaya H.N., Yurin V.M. Reception and transduction of pesticide signals by ion channels of plant cell plasma membrane // Biophysics of photosyntesis. Intracellular signaling and gene regulation in plants: programme and abstracts III Belar.-Germany symposium. Minsk, Belarus. 2007. – P.53–54.

13. Molchan O.V., Klebanova L.A., Yurin V.M. Regulation of indole alkaloid content in immobilized Vinca minor L. cells. Effect of sodium alginate on membrane fluidity and calcium mobilisation // Biophysics of photosyntesis. Intracellular signaling and gene regulation in plants: programme and abstracts III Belar.-Germany symposium. Minsk, Belarus. 2007. – P.54–55.

14. Sokolik A.I., E.I. Spivak, Yurin V.M. Membrane effects of new generation herbicides // Proceedings of BSU. 2007. V. 2. Р. 88-99. (in Russian)

15. Molchan O.V., Romashko S.N., Vlasova T.M., Kurchenko V.P., Yurin V.M. Identification of pharmacalogycally active substunses in Vinca minor leaves extracts // Proceedings of BSU. 2008. V.3 (1). P. 221-227. (in Russian)

16. Yurin V.M. Biotechnology of drug substances production: from the whole plant to immobilized cells // Proceedings of BSU. 2008. V.3 (2). P. 108-117. (in Russian).

Address: 4, Nezavisimost ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095872



Fax: +375(17)2095808


Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 2d floor.

Brief historical reference

The department of Human and Animal Physiology was founded in 1922 on the basis of the Belarussian State University. The great role in the department foundation was played by Prof. L.P. Rozanov. He had been heading the department since its foundation up to 1935.

From 1935 to 1950 the department was headed by Prof. I. A. Vetokhin. In the course of two Prof. A.A.Zubcov (1949-1951) worked at department on physiology of intercellular communication. G.S. Yun'ev (1950-1954, 1957-1971) was a head of department. The staff of the department worked under his supervision on evolutional neurophysiology and cardiology. Prof. A.M. Stashkov (1973-1975), Prof. V.N. Kalyunov (1975-1977) performed the structural functional analysis of autonomic ganglions and their role in the peripheral regulation of visceral organs of vertebrate. V.N. Kalyunov is the leader in the field of research of nerve growth factor. At the beginning of the 70th he researched the role of extracellular ATP irregulation of visceral organs, his results were revolutionary for world physiology.

From 1977 to 1985 the line of department was connected with hypoxia of tissues, the reseach work was in charge of Prof. E.F.Lunets, another head of department. He was the organizer of the laboratory of experimental biology, research laboratory of bioenergetics, thermoregulation laboratory. He examined a question of free-radical biology in medicine.

From 1973 to 1975 and 1985-1991 the department was headed by associate professor V. T. Shalatonin who guided complex researches of pathology of myocardium. During the same period there was researche on cellular physiology, headed by L. L. Moroz.

From 1991 to 2003 the academician of National Academy of Sciences V.N. Gurin was the founder of the physiological school of studying termophysiology. Не is a well-known scientist in the field/sphere of the study of physiological role of nitrogen monooxide, who has a done lot for the development of this field of physiology.

From 2003 and up till now the department is headed by Ph.D. A.G. Chumak.


Professors: A.G. Chumak.

Associate professors: G.T. Maslova, D.B. Sandakov, A.V. Sidorov, V.B. Kazakevich, S.A. Rutkevich

Senior lecturers: L.N. Semeyko, G.S. Polyukhovich.

Assistants: E.K. Karman.

Head of the laboratory: V.A. Kostyuk.

Scientists: A.A. Potapovich, T.O. Sukhan.

Technicians: M.V. Peshko, E.K. Korenchuk, G.I. Shkorodenok, V.E. Burko.

Main courses of studies:

·   Human and Animal Physiology,

·   Human Anatomy,

·   Biology of individual development,

·   Bioactive substance of blood and system reactions of organism,

·   Foundations of biology and physiology.

Department courses:

·   Electrophysiology,

·   Methodology and experimental technique of physiological experiment,

·   Physiology of intercellular communication,

·   Physiology of autonomic nervous system,

·   Physiological and physicochemical basis of homeostasis,

·   Comparative physiology,

·   Physiology of brainstem,

·   Foundation of psychophysiology,

·   Foundation of cell physiology,

·   Cardiovascular physiology,

·   Foundation of radical biology.

Scientific activities

The major scientific lines of the department are:

·  Computer electrophysiology,

·  Neurobiology,

·  Physiology of autonomic nervous system,

·  Thermoregulation,

·  Radical biology.

Basic scientific achievements and applied developments:

In recent years we:

·  Have proved the contribution of nitrogen monoxide to the prevention of numerous ventricular rhythm disturbances, caused by myocardial ischemia and the anti-oxidant action of superoxide dismutase and redused glutathion in the system of neurons of mollusca.

·  Have established the facts of the influence of NO on the processes, predetermining the temperature sensitivity of skin receptors and sinocarotid region and its usage in segmental synoptic process by realization of protective sympathetic reflexes.

·  Have determined anti-oxidant and cytoprotective action of natural phenols in the condition of the oxidation stress and proved the flavonol complexes and ions of transition metals to be an effective low-molecular analog of the key-enzyme of antiradical protective system of superoxide dismutase.

·  Have prepared, ratified and introdened in the register of State registration the Technical conditions for the set of reagents for quantitative determination of activity of superoxide dismutase enzymes together with «Analysis of X». On basis of conducted medical labtests Registration certificate has been received and its application has been approved in medical practice in Belarus. Small production of this reactant set for the determination of superoxide dismutase activity has been organized.

·  Have created a computer program norring as «electronic recorder» and adapted it to the scientific and educational process. This program allows its using in a complex with standart amplifier to registrate and analyze electrocardiograms, electroencephalograms, electromiograms, neurograms etc. after an unexpensive modification of any personal computer.

In recent years lecturers of the DHAP created a number of textbooks and educational handouts, which have already been published. Some of them are: 


1. Sandakov, D.B. The physiology of higher nervous activity: Methodological development for the laboratory classes / D.B. Sandakov. Minsk: BSU, 2001. 19 p. (in Russian).

2. Maslova G.T. Structure and development of male reproductive cells: Guidelines / G.T Maslova, A.V. Sidorov. Minsk: BSU, 2001. 14 p. (in Russian).

3. The physiology of humans and animals. Workshop: A manual with the signature stamp of the Ministry of Education RB / Ed. V.N. Gurina. Minsk: BSU, 2002. 120 p.

4. Sandakov, D.B. Elementary physiological processes: Lectures / D.B. Sandakov, G.I. Zaharevskaya. Minsk: BSU, 2002. 52 p. (in Russian).

5. Solodovnikova, I. Tests of biology. Grade 9 / I.I.. Solodovnikova. Minsk: Sir, Wit, 2002. 167 p. (in Russian).

6. Solodovnikova, I. Biology of terms and concepts / I.I. Solodovnikova, D.B. Sandakov. Minsk: Avers, 2003. 160 p. (in Russian).

7. Maslova, G.T. Structure and development of female sexual cells: Guidelines / G.T. Maslova, A.V. Sidorov Minsk: BSU, to 2003.17 p. (in Russian).

8. Maslova, G.T. Fertilization: Guidelines / G.T. Maslova, A.V. Sidorov. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 17 p. (in Russian).

9. Solodovnikova, I. visceral system: A manual with the signature stamp of the Ministry of Education RB / I.I. Solodovnikova, G.S. Polyuhovich, E.K. Karman. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 60 p. (in Russian).

10. Semeyko, L.N. electromyography: Guidelines / L.N. Semeyko. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 25 p. (in Russian).

11. Solodovnikova, I. Cardiovascular System: Guidelines / I.I. Solodovnikova, E.K. Karman, G.S. Polyuhovich. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 25 p. (in Russian).

12. Solodovnikova, I. Spinal cord: Guidelines / I.I. Solodovnikova, A.V. Sidorov, G. Polyuhovich, E.K. Karman. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 24 p. (in Russian).

13. Maslova, G.T. Development of chordate. lancelet: Guidelines / G.T. Mazola, A.V. Sidorov. Minsk: BSU, 2005. 13 p. (in Russian).

14. Maslova, G.T. Fragmentation: Guidelines / G.T. Maslova, A.V. Sidorov. Minsk: BSU, 2005. 24 p. (in Russian).

15. Biology. Collection of tests. Centralized testing. Minsk: UUP Izd Yunipres , 2005. 167 p. (in Russian).

16. Maslova, G.T. gastrulating: Guidelines / G.T. Maslova, A.V. Sidorov. Minsk: BSU, 2006. 23 p. (in Russian).

17. Solodovnikova, I. Tests on the biology of 9 class / I.I. Solodovnikova, D.B. Sandakov. Minsk: Avers, 2007. (in Russian).

Scientific publications:

1. Romanovsky A.A. Ivanov A.I.,Karman E.K. Blood-borne, albumin-bound prostaglandin E2 may be involved in fever // Am. J. Physiol., 276 (Regulatory Integrative Comp. Physiol. 45). 1999. Р. 1840–1844.

2. Sidorov A.V., Kazakevich V.B., Moroz L.L. Nitric oxide selectively enhances cAMP levels and electrical coupling between identified RPaD2/VD1 neurons in the CNS of Lymnaea stagnalis (L.) // Acta Biol. Hung. 1999. Vol. 50. № 1–3. P. 229–233.

3. Kostyuk V.A., Polyuhovich G.S. Effect of SOD and NO donor in breach reperfusion heart rate in rats / / Bulletin of experiments. Biol. and honey. 1999. Number 2. S.137-140. (in Russian)

4. Kulchitsky V.A., Polenov S.A., Pashkevich S.G., Netukova N.I., Tropnikova G.K., Pesotsky J.A., Kulchytsky S.V., Chumak A.G. regulation functions when you activate the brain. Minsk.: Belprint. 2004. 112 pp. (in Russian)

5.; Sandakov D., Gerein V. Turpentine-induced fever during stimulation and inhibition of hepatic protein synthesis // J. Thermal. Biology. 2003. Vol. 28. P.39–43.

6. Kostiuk V.A., Potapovich A..I Bioradical and bioantioxidant. Minsk: Belarusian State University. 2004. 179 pp. (in Russian)

7. Semeyko L.N. Electrophysiological assessment of the motor centers of thickening cervical spinal cord with traumatic injury. / / neurotraumatological organization providing care for spinal injury. Republican scientific-practical conference devoted to 20 anniversary of the Center spinal injuries PG BelNIITO. June 4, 2004 2004. S. 117-120. (in Russian)

8.Maslova G.T., Nechipurenko N. Effect of low laser irradiation of blood on the processes of free-oxidation in normal conditions and in conditions of cerebral ischemia. / / Vestnik BSU. 2005. Ser. 2. Number 2. P.37-41. (in Russian)

9. Sidorov A.V.Effect of acute temperature change on lung respiration of the mollusk Lymnaea stagnalis// J. Therm. Biol. 2005. Vol. 30, № 2. P. 163–171.

10. Sidorenko A.V., Kazakevich V.B., Selitskii A. On the involvement of nitric oxide in the microwave effects on brain activity / / millimeter waves in biology and medicine. 2006. T.44. Number 4. S.41-49. (in Russian)

11. Chumak A.G., Maslova G.T., Sidorov A.V., Kazakevich V.B., Polyuhovich G.S., Kostyuk V.A., Potapovich A.I., ShuhnoT.P. Research Chairs of human and animal physiology as a reflection of the leading trends of modern physiology. / / Vestnik BSU. 2006. Ser. 2. Number 3. S. 49-53. (in Russian)

12. Rutkevich S.A., Semeyko L.N., Polyuhovich G.S., Chumak A.G. The effects of totalize electrical afferent fibers within the nerve trunks and their dependence on nitrogen monoxide / / Collection of articles Medical and biological aspects of the physical factors. Ed. VS ULASCHIK. Minsk: Biznesofset. 2006. S. 263-266. (in Russian)

13. Kostyuk V.A., Potapovich A.I., Strigunova E.N., Kostyuk T.V. Cherian M.G. Protective activity of dietary flavonoids and their metal complexes against oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo // Cellular and Molecular Biology. 2007. 53. № 1. Р. 61–68.

Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephone: +375(17)2095803

Fax: +375(17)2095814


Web page:

Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 1st floor.

The Research Laboratory of Hydroecology has been created in 1965 on the basis of Biological Faculty of the Belorussian State University according to the decision of State Scientific and Technical Committee under Council of Ministers of USSR for the development of productional and energetic direction in hydrobiology which was proposed by the well-known scientist, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, professor Georgy Georgievich Vinberg.

During the time of existence it was headed by prof. G.G. Vinberg (1965-1967), prof. Yu.K. Fomichev (1967-1991).

At present the laboratory is headed by the Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus, doctor of sciences, prof. Alexander Pavlovich Ostapenya (since 1991).

The scientific staff of the laboratory consists of 3 doctors of sciences, 1 associate professor, 1 leading research worker, 1 senior research worker, 4 research assistants, 4 junior assistants.


Doctors of sciences: A.P. Ostapenya (The head of the laboratory), T.M. Mikheyeva (Chief research worker), T.V. Zhukova (The head of «Naroch Biological Station named after G.G. Vinberg»).

Associate professors: O.V. Trifonov (Leading researcher worker).

Senior research worker: R.Z. Kovalevskaya.

Research assistants: E.V. Lukyanova, L.V. Nikitina, N.V. Dubko, O.A. Makarevich.

Junior assistants: V.S. Karabanovich, I.V. Savich, Jul.C. Veres, A.L. Yehiyan.

Main trends of research of the laboratory:

- production hydrobiology: the role of seston and detritus in the functioning of aquatic ecosystems;

- taxonomic diversity of algal flora of different aquatic ecosystems; structure and the peculiarities of phytoplankton in eutrophication and deeutrophication;

- biotic cycling of nutrients in lake ecosystems;

- primary production of plankton;

- suspended and dissolved organic matter in ponds and streams, the impact of xenobiotics on the production-destruction processes in the pond;

- bacterial component of the seston, sedimenting suspension, periphyton, benthic;

- community structure of macrobenthos in different environmental conditions;

- structure and functioning of communities of periphyton, metaphyton and their role in freshwater ecosystems;

- taxonomic and spatial structure, product-destruction rates of zooplankton in lakes of different types;

Key scientific and applied achievements:

- The regularities of the primary production of plankton on the lakes of different trophic types were studied;

- A unique data base of hydro-based long-term investigations of the diverse group of lakes Naroch was created;

- Studied the biological mechanisms of sedimentation weighted substances in lakes;

- Made long-term studies algological diversity in ponds and streams of the republic of Belarus;

- The role of various groups of aquatic organisms in the propurification process and the formation of water quality were estimated;

- First time in Belarus launched investigations microperiphyton as an independent unit of aquatic ecosystems;

- The conceptual approach to the study of periphyton terms trophometabolic unity of algae, bacteria, fungi, invertebrates, and dead organic matter (detritus) is justified.

- Organization and conducting of the International conference «Lake ecosystems: biological processes, anthropogenic transformation, water quality» since 1999;

- Since 1999 on the materials of monitoring observations and current research the annual edition «Bulletin of the ecological state of the lakes Naroch, Miastro, Batorino» is published;

- During the time of existence of the laboratory there were trained and protected 4 doctoral dissertations and 9 Ph.D. theses.

Main scientific publications:

1. Ostapenia A.P. et all. Management criteria for lake ecosystems applied to case studies of changes in nutrient loading and climate change // Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management, 2003. – Vol. 8. – p. 141-155.

2. Ostapenia A.P. et all. Water quality quantification: basics and implementation // Hydrobiologia, 2006. – Vol. 560. – p. 227-237.

3. Ostapenia, A. Parparov, T. Berman Lability of organic carbon in lakes of different trophic status // Freshwater biology, 2009. – Vol. 54. – p. 1312-1323.

4. Mikheyeva T. M., Kovalevskaya R. Z., Lukyanova E. V. Quantitative development and phytoplankton functioning in Naroch system lakes in different periods of evolution of their trophic state./Aquatic Ecology at the Dawn of XXI Century. International Sci.Conf. in honor of the 100th anniversary of corresponding member of the USSR Acаdemy of Sciences, Professor G. G. Winberg, 3–7 October, 2005. Zoological Institute, St-Petersburg, 2005. Р. 64.

5. T.A. Makarevich, S.E. Mastitsky, Savich I.V. Phytoperiphyton on the shells of Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) in Lake Naroch // Aquatic Invasions, 2008. – Vol. 3. – Issue 3. – p. 283-295.


The scientific and research centre “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” of the Belarusian State University is the oldest biological station in Belarus. For many years it is the place where profound research on the functioning processes and biological productivity of the waterbodies is conducted. The results of these investigations acquire wide recognition of the scientists in hydrobiology all over the world. The materials of long-term investigations of the polytypic Naroch Lakes serve nowadays as a basis for working out measures on rational use and preservation of the unique Naroch Lake environment.

Address: 8, Naberezhnaja str., Naroch, Myadel district, Minsk region, 222395, Republic of Belarus

Telephone: +375 (01797) 49360

Fax: +375 (01797) 49335


Web page:

The history.

At the root of Naroch biological station (NBS) there are two outstanding Soviet hydrobiologists - members of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR Lev Alexandrovich Zenkevich (1889-1970) and Georgy Georgievich Vinberg (1905-1987).

The Biostation was created in 1946 on the initiative of the professor of Moscow State University L. А. Zenkevich, who was in 1939-1946 the head of the Invertebrate Zoology Department at the Belarusian State University. He suggested to found the first biological station in Belarus at Lake Naroch shore, where until 1939 existed the Biological Station of the Warsaw University.

In spring 1946 the research assistants of the biological faculty S. V. Kalishevich and М. М. Drako together with the pro-rector of the Belarusian State University А. P. Butkevich determined the place for the Biostation on the northern shore of the Naroch Lake (today it is the area of Urliki beach). Thanks to the assistance of local administration in the same year the petition of the University was complied and the Biostation got the territory of 10 ha at the lakeside. At the same time a small wooden house situated near the lake was donated to the University. On that building the signboard “Biological Station of the Belarusian State University” was fixed.


In summer 1946 at NBS the first reconnaissance expedition with students participation was organized.

G.G. VinbergFurther formation, development and outstanding scientific attainments, that made NBS world-wide famous, are inseparably associated with G. G. Vinberg, who in 1947 became the head of the Invertebrate Zoology Department and worked at the Belarusian State University for 20 years.

In 1947-1948 on the basis of NBS comprehensive expeditions on the Naroch and Braslav Lakes were carried out, as well as permanent hydrobiological observations on the Lakes Naroch, Miastro, Batorino and experimental work on a wide range of problems of the biotic cycle in lake ecosystems.

The Belarusian State University focused the attention on the organization of intense educational practice of students-biologists. In the hard times of the first post-war years NBS functioned as a permanent establishment providing zoological and botanical practice for students, carrying-out the experimental work for term papers and degree theses, conducting the research work.

In the next years NBS gradually enlarged with the increase of students quantity, the expand of the scientific work. Till late 1950s there were built several wooden houses, where educational and research laboratories as well as zoology museum (moved to Naroch forestry afterwards) and students hostel were situated. When students practice was completed the places in the hostel were in the disposal of university members for work or rest.

From 1962 till 1987 on the territory of NBS summer international student camp existed.

In 1960s the intensive recreational development of the Naroch region took place. It became evident that the old wooden buildings of NBS and the summer camp do not conform to the aesthetic and sanitary requirements of the recreation zone. According to the BSSR Council of Ministers resolution № 325 of October 9, 1981 NBS together with other buildings that didn’t meet the demands of the recreation zone should be demolished. There was a necessity to construct a new modern laboratory building. In 1990 the project of the new building of NBS was designed. The new NBS according to the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus Presidium resolution № 1877-XII of October 15, 1992 was supposed to be situated in a small area (0,7 ha) near the “Belaya Rus” sanatorium beach. The house-building was completed in 2002 and since that time NBS started the new period of its existence (see the chapter “The present”).

The first technical assistant combining the functions of the director, assistant manager, watchman and worker was Ivan Semyonovich Devyatnikov. The first official director of NBS (in 1948-1961) became Polina Samoilovna Nevyadomskaya, who did her best to provide the favorable conditions for the research work and for student practice in the first and very hard years.

The two workers of the biological faculty of the Belarusian State University - Pavel Grigorievich Petrovich and Michail Michailovich Drako - were of considerable assistance at NBS. Both became outstanding hydrobiologists afterwards. P. G. Petrovich (1909-2002) started his work at the University in 1946. He was a Dean of the Biological Faculty in 1953-1972, and the Head of the Invertebrate Zoology Department in 1967-1974, then he worked as an assistant professor at the Ecology Department of the Biological Faculty until he retired in 1984. М. М. Drako (1914-1983) after the World War II worked as an assistant, then as an assistant professor at the Invertebrate Zoology Department (until 1979).

After P. S. Nevyadomskaya left the post of Director, NBS was headed by the graduates of the Biologial Faculty of the Belarusian State University: А. I. Sergeyev, I. А. Zhuk, G. P. Shleshinsky, L. P. Kashevarov, А. F. Orlovsky.

In 1977 two scientific assistants of the Research Laboratory of Hydroecology - Tatiana Vasilievna Zhukova and Eduard Pavlovich Zhukov - came to live and work at NBS. From that time the new period of NBS functioning began. Due to their efforts, with the help of motor-mechanic Vladimir Iosifovich Kuntsevich (worked at NBS since 1957), the program of long-term observations on Naroch Lakes was greatly enlarged, and the investigations were carried out all-the-year-round.

The present

NBS has entered the XXI century in cardinally changed state. Instead of several old tumbledown small houses the new multi-storey building with hot and cold water appeared. It includes 14 modern laboratories equipped with fume holds, special laboratory furniture, educational classes, a conference hall, a library and a hostel for 20 places.

The staff of NBS consists of 18 people who do the maintenance work in the building and conduct the educational and methodical work. NBS has got motor and rowboats, a motor vehicle and special hydrobiological equipment. All this opens up new possibilities for carrying out field and experimental research work, providing the educational process and extending the international contacts.

In 2002 NBS has got the status of the Educational and Research Centre and in 2006 it has been named after the outstanding Soviet hydrobiologist, Prof. G. G. Vinberg, who played a key role in NBS formation and development.

The first director of the Educational and Research Centre (ERC) "Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg" became Tatiana Vasilievna Zhukova, who started as a laboratory assistant and raised up to Dr.Sci.Biol.

According to the statute of the ERC it is the base for carrying out students educational and research practices, field and laboratory research work. The research work on NBS is mainly conducted by the Research Laboratory of Hydroecology of Biological Faculty of the Belarusian State University.

The primary objectives of the ERC "Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg" are:

• educational - rendering of assistance in providing the educational process and professional trainings for ecologists and hydrobiologists;

• scientific - carrying out fundamental and applied researches in the fields of biology and ecology;

• environmental protection - providing the scientific assistance in nature-conservative activity of the National park "Narochansky";

• informing - popularization of ecological knowledge.

The basic functions of the ERC "Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg" are:


• to provide students with the educational and research practice;

• to organize carrying out the experimental work for term papers, degree and master's theses, postgraduate studies;

• to assist in the professional training of higher school personnel (performing the experimental work for candidate and doctoral theses);


• to study the regularities of functioning of water and land ecosystems;

• to analyze the mechanisms of water quality formation in order to preserve the natural features of waterbodies and provide the steady use of their resources;

• to conduct the long-term ecological monitoring observations in the Naroch Lakes;

• to study the biological diversity of water and land ecosystems in the Naroch region;

• to develop the international scientific collaboration and to perform the joint researches with the Belarusian and foreign organizations in the fields of ecology and wildlife management;

• to assist in carrying out the research work at the biological faculty and scientific subdivisions of the Belarusian State University and the scientific department of the National park "Narochansky".

nature protective

• to develop and to apply the science-based recommendations to preserve the natural potential of the Naroch region;

• to render the methodical assistance to the scientific department of the National park "Narochansky" when developing and performing nature protection activities;


• to conduct scientific conferences, meetings and seminars;

• to organize the ecological tourism;

• to popularize the ecological knowledge among the residents and vacationists;

• to render local schools the scientific and methodical assistance in the sphere of ecological education.

The research work in the new building of ERC “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” have received the further development. On the one hand it is connected with the opportunity to conduct the researches at a modern technical level, on the other - with the aggravation of the environmental problems caused by increasing anthropogenous pressure on the Naroch Lakes. The subjects of the researches carried out by joined collective of the Research Laboratory of Hydroecology and the ERC “Naroch biological station named by G. G. Vinberg” are focused as before on decoding of the mechanisms of functioning of lakes ecosystems, the formation of water quality, the biological self-cleansing processes and biological productivity of lakes.

These investigations significantly contributed to the decision of many pressing questions of modern hydroecology. The main guidelines of the research work conducted by the ERC “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” and the Research Laboratory of Hydroecology are:

• trends and character of phytoplankton structure changes during the euthrophication and de-euthrophication of lakes;

• role of seston and detritus in water ecosystem functioning;

• picoplankton in the structure of planktonic communities;

• biodiversity of water communities;

• periphyton and its importance in the functioning of lakes ecosystems;

• ratio of external and internal loading under the euthrophication and de-euthrophication processes in lakes;

• interaction of water layers and bottom sediments in lakes;

• role of biological processes in the sedementation of suspended matter, etc.

The important practical value have the applied documents “Recommendations on preservation of natural potential of the lakes Naroch, Miastro and Batorino” and “Recommendations on the use of ecologically safe methods of Lake Naroch coastal recreational zones preservation from degradation”.

Among a wide spectrum of environmental problems in Naroch region the most critical one in the last years became a problem of the schistosome dermatitis (cercarial dermatitis, swimmer's itch) - that is a disease, caused by penetration of cercaria (larvae of the waterfowl's parasites) into a skin of bathing people. The problem is extremely important for it has serious medical, social and economic consequences for the largest resort in the country. The ERC “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” together with scientists from the Belarusian Academy of Sciences have focused their efforts to solve this problem.

Today the ERC “Naroch biological station named by G. G. Vinberg” continues all-the-year-round regime observations on the lakes Naroch, Miastro, Batorino, so the unique database of long-term hydroecological monitoring rows is constantly replenishes. Since 1999 on the materials of monitoring observations and current research the annual “Bulletin of the ecological state of the lakes Naroch, Miastro, Batorino” is published. The “Bulletin...” reflects the modern state of the Naroch Lakes ecosystem and the tendencies and changes occurring in it.

The ERC “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” is the place where numerous international and regional scientific conferences, meetings and seminars on the actual ecological, biological and regional problems are held. It is necessary to mention here the International conference “Lake ecosystems: biological processes, anthropogenous transformation, water quality” that become traditional and is conducted each four years since 1999. These conference is very popular among hydrobiologists and usually collects participants from all regions of former Soviet Union as well as from other countries.

In July, 1999 on the territory of Naroch region National park "Narochansky" was formed. From the very beginning the ERC “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” closely cooperates with the Scientific Department and the Tourism Department of the National park, the team-work is conducted in the sphere of the ecological education, ecology and nature protection popularization. Annual joint seminars are conducted for operative informing the administration of health resorts and rest houses, school teachers about the current state and the environmental problems of region. There are some common publications, including “The Guidebook on the protected areas” (2003), the set of postcards “The lakes of National park "Narochansky"” (2004), “The Guidebook on National park "Narochansky"” (2005), the booklet “The Blue lakes” (2005), the brochures on a schistosome dermatitis problem.

The ERC “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” is closely contacts with local schools, including the propagation of ecological knowledge, cognitive excursions, consulting and practical help when performing school ecological projects. On the basis of the ERC the hydrobiological section of young ecologists of Belarus and Russia meeting “Ecology without borders” (2006) was held. The ERC help to organize the ecological programs in the National children's camp “Zubryonok”.

At the ERC “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” there is the exhibition of works of the young gifted painter Victoria Ikonnikova, that creates the comfortable and pleasant atmosphere.

The successful many-sided activity of the ERC “Naroch Biological Station named after G. G. Vinberg” in mostly due to the fact that it functions in the system of the University science, allowing to use the potential of numerous faculties and laboratories of different profile. The ERC is a place where the enthusiasm and activity of students and post-graduates, coupled with experience and knowledge of the professors and researches make the favorable conditions for fruitful scientific work.

Trends and results of the investigations conducted at the “old” NBS (till 2002)

The investigations of the water ecosystems functioning conducted at NBS were based on the energy approach elaborated by G. G. Vinberg. These investigations brought world-wide fame to the Belarusian scientists in the field of productional hydrobiology.

Since the very beginning NBS served as a base for numerous expeditions and investigations of the north-western Belarusian lakes, field and laboratory experimental work. For all that time NBS played the leading role in the formation of young specialists-hydrobiologists.

During the expeditions carried out by biologists and geographers in 1947-1948 the first ichthyological, hydrobiological and hydrochemical data of Braslav and Naroch Lakes were received. These materials are of great value until today for they serve as the scientific basis when estimating lakes evolution trends.

At first the main attention of the researchers was concentrated on the studies of plankton primary production in Naroch Lakes, that combine the three lakes (Naroch, Miastro, Batorino) of different throphic state. The investigations included studies of species composition, structure and quantitative parameters of phytoplankton; the intensity of its primary production and organic matter destruction; the dependence of the photosynthetic processes upon the environmental conditions. In the limelight were the methods of the primary production numerical assessment.

As the logical continuation of the primary production research work, the investigations of the heterothrophic part of the production process were carried out. As a result the main methods of estimation of water animals production were based on the data obtained at NBS.

The priority of the Belarusian hydrobiololgists in the productivity investigations was generally recognized by scientific society. That fact predetermined the holding of the All-Union meeting on the methods of estimation of the water animals production at the Belarusian State University in Minsk. The materials of the meeting were summarized in the handbook “Methods of estimation of water animals production” (1968), that was republished in England in 1971. This book serves as a basic handbook for hydrobiologists up to the present.

As a result of long-term investigations on the Naroch Lakes a unique database was created that gave the possible to make conclusions of fundamental importance. Among them:

• The important role of the photosynthetic aeration has been acknowledged. The necessity of its estimation when studying and predicting the self-cleansing capacity of the waterbodies has been proved;

• The role of various groups of water organism in the processes of self-cleansing and water quality formation has been investigated;

• For the first time in the former USSR in the Naroch Lakes the chlorophyll content has been estimated. Today the chlorophyll content is a widely used parameter in hydrobiological investigations;

• New important facts characterizing the role of suspended organic matter in production process and water quality formation;

• The regularities of the detritus (dead organic matter) inclusion in the biotic cycle has been discovered;

• The methods of production processes investigation widely used in hydrobiology have been elaborated.

The productive activity of NBS for many years is mainly due to the favorable location - it is situated at the lakeside of the largest in Belarus and unique Lake Naroch. The three interconnected lakes Naroch, Miastro and Batorino form a single ecosystem that turned to be a very good testing site for fundamental and applied hydroecological research. The lakes are located in the same region, they are subjected to the very similar environmental influence, but owing to morphometric and other differences they have different throphic state and greatly differ in their productivity level (Table). That fact gave an opportunity to decipher the mechanisms of ecosystem functioning in a large range of biological productivity. In this respect NBS took active part in the work of the International Biological Program (IBP) in 1964-1974.

The results of researches on lakes Naroch, Miastro, Batorino take the important place among the works on IBP. Among the five meetings called by freshwater section of Soviet committee on IBP, three, including the last one, were conducted at NBS. As a result Lake Naroch was included in the international list of the reservoirs that are under special protection against pollution and other kinds of anthropogenic influence.

Hydrographic and morphometric parameters of Lake Naroch
(after O. F. Yakushko, 1971)

Parameter Naroch Miastro Batorino
Surface area, km2 79,6 13,1 6,3
Water volume, millions of m3 710,4 70,0 18,7
Mean depth, m 8,9 5,4 3,0
Maximal depth, m 24,8 11,3 5,5
Residence time, years 10-11 2,5 1,0
Mixing type polymictic
Catchment area, km2 279,0 133,1 92,5
Individual catchment area without the area of lakes, km2 58,8 34,6 86,2
Specific catchment area 3,5 10,2 14,7

Owing to long-term hydrobiological observations the Naroch Lakes became a well-known example of water ecosystems of different trophic types whose functioning mechanisms are studied well enough.

Among the most important aspects of NBS' activity there were and there are long-term all-the-year-round monitoring observations on the lakes Naroch, Miastro and Batorino. Just a limited number of reservoirs in the world have so prolonged observational series. The monitoring data of the Naroch Lakes undoubtedly represent great scientific and practical value as it is the basis for the reliable analysis of the water ecosystem state and also helps to forecast changes caused by anthropogenous influence. The results of long-term hydrobiological observations form the unique database, allow to track the evolution trends in polytypic lakes under anthropogenic influence and global climatic changes, so that it can be considered as national scientific property of Belarus.

Together with the fundamental hydroecological research at NBS much efforts is put into the applied research work aimed at the water quality improvement in the Naroch Lake and preservation of its unique natural features.

So, as a result, the main ways of nutrients and pollutants input in the lakes have been deciphered and quantitatively estimated. These materials provided a scientific basis for practical actions aimed at the Naroch Lakes protection from eutrophication, that were worked out within the framework of the “Plan of complex use and protection of water and land resources of the Naroch Lake's basin”. Even partial and not always qualitative implementation of this plan has completely confirmed the euthrophication theory and allowed to turn the euthrophication process back.

The important role in the research work at NBS is played by the Research Laboratory of Hydroecology of the Belarusian State University. As a matter of fact this Laboratory and NBS represent a united complex headed by the corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus A. P. Ostapenya. The Research Laboratory of Hydroecology has the direct relation to all fundamental and applied research work at NBS.

The principal brunches of investigations at NBS:

• the ascertainment of seston and detritus role in water ecosystems functioning (Dr.Sci.Biol., Prof. A. P. Ostapenya, Cand.Biol.Sci. А. P. Pavlyutin, Cand.Biol.Sci. G. А. Inkina, research workers: R. А. Derengovskaya, N. V. Dubko, L. V. Nikitina);

• the study of the autothrophic communities in water ecosystems (Dr.Sci.Biol. T. M. Mikheyeva, Cand.Biol.Sci. V. F. Ikonnikov, Cand.Biol.Sci. T. A. Makarevich, research workers: R. Z. Kovalevskaya, E. V. Lukyanova, V. S. Karabanovich);

• the study of the heterothrophic communities in water ecosystems (Dr.Sci.Biol. N. M. Kryuchkova, Cand.Biol.Sci. V. A. Babitskiy, Cand.Biol.Sci. V. H. Rybak, research workers: R. А. Derengovskaya, O. A. Makarevich);

• the study of "water-bottom sediments" interactions (Dr.Sci.Biol. T. V. Zhukova, research worker E. P. Zhukov).

The polytypic Naroch Lakes proved to be a good testing site for the profound hydroecological research. Plenty of outstanding scientists from different countries (Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Lithuania, Poland, the USA, Canada, Germany, Sweden, Israel) visited NBS and worked there.

NBS has received wide popularity in the scientific circles not only as a base for numerous investigations but as a place where all-Union and international conferences and symposiums on different biological problems were carried out. The conferences organized under the guidance of Prof. G. G. Vinberg (who was the curator of the International biological program in the USSR) were especially popular. These conferences became a true school of thought for different generations of hydrobiologists.

In 1975-1983 the annual All-Union conferences in molecular biology and molecular genetics organized by the microbiologists of the University under the guidance of Prof. Yu. K. Fomitchyov were held at NBS.

Up to 1967 NBS was a place for students educational practice in zoology and botany. Since those years and till now the biostation is the basis for students' course and degree experimental work. Practically all Belarusian hydrobiologists and limnologists began their way into science at NBS. Among the first there were P. G. Petrovich and M. M. Drako which were the initiators of zooplankton and zoobenthos studies in Belarus. One of the presidents of the Belarusian Academy of Sciences, a member of Belarusian and Russian Academies of Sciences L. M. Sushchenya grew into a hydrobiologist at NBS.

NBS has played a great role in the professional training of hydrobiologists, among which there are the academicians and corresponding members of Belarusian and Russian Academies of Sciences, doctors and candidates of science. 9 doctor's and about 60 candidate's theses were defended on the experimental material received at NBS. The bibliography of scientific publication on the Naroch Lakes includes over 500 titles.

The Laboratory of Linmology of the Geographical Faculty headed by the honored worker of the Belarusian science, Prof. O. F. Yakushko, contributed significantly to the study of lakes morphometry, sediment composition and macrophytes community.

Almost all hydrobiologits from the Zoology Institute of the Belarusian Academy of Sciences and the Belarusian Research Institute of Fish Industry had their trainings and worked at NBS. Many graduates of NBS work in various hydrobiological establishments in different countries, so NBS is considered to be a scientific school for hydrobiologists.

Zoological museum of biological faculty BSU
Zoological Museum of Belorussian State University, is one of the oldest scientific and educational centers of Belarus. It carries out the basic functions of teaching and research units of scientific division of biological faculty. Zoological museum solves problems of preparation specialists-biologists, provides qualified service for students, promotes ecological formation and popularization of ideas of wildlife management, zoology, taxonomy, morphology, zoogeography, ecology and other disciplines.
Main activities:
• Acquisition, storage and scientific processing of zoological collections, improving of an exposition part.
• Carrying out scientific research in the systematics, zoogeography, museum business.
• Providing advice on taxidermy, conservation techniques of zoological objects, diagnostics of species diversity of animals.


Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus                                                 
Telephone: +375(17)2095813
Fax: +375(17)2095814
Web page:
Location: 10, Kurchatova str., Minsk, 1st floor.

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Zoological Museum was founded in 1921 on the initiative of the head of the department of zoology, professor A.V. Fedjushin (1891-1972). The formation of extensive zoological collections preceded the expeditions of A.V. Fedjushin on Belarus and the Kola Peninsula in 1921-1928 of the last century. Zoological objects collected during this period were used at first as a demonstration material for employment of students, and then served as a basis for the establishment of Zoological Museum at the department of zoology.

                                              Founder of Zoological Museum Fedjushin A.V. (1891-1972)

Zoological Museum Today

Individual exhibits of departments of fish, reptiles and birds


Fragment of the exposition hall of mammals


Unique exhibits animals-albinos Asio otus and Sturnus vulgaris

Fragment of the exposition of osteological department


An exhibition fund was replenished by rare species of animals over the last decade. There are the red wolf, wandering albatross, the hyacinthine macaw, a chimpanzee, as well as many tropical insects and several other, analogues which aren't present in natural history museums of Belarus. In addition, the museum has a large number of fossils have long disappeared from the planet's surface and unique exhibits of XIX-XX centuries, for example, a collection of albinos and mutants with unnatural coloring of covers.

The museum was moved to a new building in 2001, where the exposure and depository were substantially increased on total area of 1080 м2. The construction of landscape and ecological dioramas was started, which will allow to show the rare and endangered animals of the world fauna in natural surroundings. Services to visitors of the museum, taxidermy restoration and decoration works are carried out to 7 employees.


Employees of Zoological Museum (left to right) front row: Mindlin G.A., Pisanenko A.D., Vorobyov V.N.;second row: Sahvon V.V., Morozova L.V., Mityanin A.A., Duchits I.V. (2010).


Nowadays, the museum is visited annually by 10-12 thousand people, not only pupils and students, but researchers of several foreign countries. Throughout the period of existence Zoological Museum holds a tremendous job in promoting the ideas of nature protection and as a center of education in the environmental field, is deservedly popular among the population, not only residents but also visitors to the capital.
The collection fund of a museum is the largest meeting of zoological objects in republic and totals over 80 thousand units. Preserved objects of fauna of the planet (stuffed, wet preparations, skeletons, derivatives, prints of ancient forms) are demonstrated in eight exhibition halls. Thetotalnumberofstorageunitsincludes 4500.

Pre-revolutionary zoological objects are preserved in museum, there are unique exhibits collected throughout the decades, by graduates of the biological faculty and employees of the museum in various expeditions and trips. As part of zoological collections there are 260 species listed in the Red Book of the CIS countries and the world.

        Fragments of the exposition of the of the basic departments of Zoological museum (2011)

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